# Grade 10 – Additional Mathematics – Singapore

### Grade 10 – Additional Mathematics

# | TOPIC | TITLE | |
---|---|---|---|

1 | Study Plan | Study plan – Grade 10 – Additional Maths | |

Objective: On completion of the course formative assessment a tailored study plan is created identifying the lessons requiring revision. | |||

2 | Conic sections | The parabola x. = 4ay | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will identify the focus and directrix for a parabola given in standard form. | |||

3 | Functions | Definition, domain and range | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to select functions from relations by referring to the domain and range. | |||

4 | Functions | Notation and evaluations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be understand different notations for functions. | |||

5 | Functions | More on domain and range | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe the domain and range using appropriate set notation. | |||

6 | Functions | Domain and range from graphical representations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe the domain and range using appropriate set notation from graphical representations. | |||

7 | Functions | Evaluating and graphing piecewise functions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to evaluate and graph piecewise functions. | |||

8 | Functions | Functions combinations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to perform operations with functions while working with their domains. | |||

9 | Functions | Composition of functions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand composition of functions or a function of a function. | |||

10 | Functions | Inverse functions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find inverse functions, use the notation correctly and the horizontal line test will be used. | |||

11 | Surds | Some rules for the operations with surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the rules for division and multiplication of surds. | |||

12 | Surds | Simplifying surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the rules for simplifying surds using division and multiplication. | |||

13 | Surds | Creating entire surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to write numbers as entire surds and compare numbers by writing as entire surds | |||

14 | Surds | Adding and subtracting like surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add and subtract surds and simplify expressions by collecting like surds. | |||

15 | Surds | Expanding surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and then simplify binomial expressions involving surds. | |||

16 | Surds | Binomial expansions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and simplify the squares of binomial sums and differences involving surds. | |||

17 | Surds | Conjugate binomials with surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and simplify conjugate binomial expressions involving surds. | |||

18 | Surds | Rationalising the denominator | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to rationalise denominators of fractions where the denominator involves surds. | |||

19 | Algebra-polynomials | Introduction to polynomials | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand all the terminology associated with polynomials and be able to judge if any algebraic expression is a polynomial or not. | |||

20 | Algebra-polynomials | The sum, difference and product of two polynomials. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add subtract and multiply polynomials and find the degrees of the answers. | |||

21 | Algebra-polynomials | Polynomials and long division. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the long division process with polynomials. | |||

22 | Remainder theorem | The remainder theorem. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how the remainder theorem works and how it can be applied. | |||

23 | Remainder theorem | More on remainder theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the remainder theorem and how it can be applied to solve some interesting questions on finding unknown coefficients of polynomials. | |||

24 | Factor theorem | The factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the factor theorem and determine if a term in the form of x minus a is a factor of a given polynomial. | |||

25 | Factor theorem | More on the factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will fully understand the factor theorem and how it can be applied to solve some questions on finding unknown coefficients of polynomials. | |||

26 | Factor theorem | Complete factorisations using the factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to factorise polynomials of a higher degree than 2 and to find their zeros. | |||

27 | Polynomial equations | Polynomial equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of solving polynomial equations given in different forms. | |||

28 | Logarithms-Log laws | Laws of logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with 5 logarithm laws. | |||

29 | Logarithms-Log laws expansion | Using the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions. | |||

30 | Logarithms-Log laws simplifying | Using the log laws to simplify expressions involving logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify logarithmic expressions using the log laws. | |||

31 | Logarithms-Log laws numbers | Using the log laws to find the logarithms of numbers. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the use of the log laws and be able to do more applications with numerical examples. | |||

32 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations involving logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve equations with log terms. | |||

33 | Logarithms-Logs to solve equations | Using logarithms to solve equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use logarithms to solve index equations with the assistance of a calculator. | |||

34 | Logarithms-Change base formula | Change of base formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have seen the change of base formula for logarithms and be capable of using it to change the logarithm of one base to another base. | |||

35 | Logarithms-Graph-log curve | The graph of the logarithmic curve | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a logarithmic curve to a given base and know the general properties of log curves. | |||

36 | Logarithms-Log curves | Working with log curves. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve problems with log curves | |||

37 | Exponential function | The exponential function. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to graph any equation in the form y equals a to the power x, where a is any positive real number apart from 1. | |||

38 | Log functions | Logarithmic functions. | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to define basic logarithmic functions and describe the relationship between logarithms and exponents including graph logarithmic functions. The student will understand the relationship between logarit | |||

39 | Coordinate Geometry-the plane | Distance formula. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the distance between any two points on the number plane and interpret the results. | |||

40 | Coordinate Geometry-midpoint, slope | Mid-point formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to understand the mid point formula and use it practically. | |||

41 | Coordinate Geometry-equation of line | General form of a line and the x and y Intercepts. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change the equation of a straight line from the form, written as y=mx+c, into the general form and vice versa. | |||

42 | Coordinate Geometry-intercept | Slope intercept form of a line. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the slope and intercept given the equation and given the slope and intercept, derive the equation. | |||

43 | Coordinate Geometry-point slope | Point slope form of a line | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to derive the equation of a straight line given the gradient and a point on the line. | |||

44 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Parallel lines equations | Parallel lines: identify equation of a line parallel to another | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to decide if two or more lines are parallel or not and to solve problems involving parallel lines. | |||

45 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Perpendicular lines | Perpendicular lines. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to derive the equation of a line, given that it is perpendicular to another stated line. | |||

46 | Trig-reciprocal ratios | Reciprocal ratios. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify and use the reciprocal trigonometric ratios of sine, cosine and tan, that is, the cosecant, secant and cotangent ratios. | |||

47 | Trig complementary angles | Complementary angle results. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to establish the complementary angle results for the sine and cosine ratios and then how to use these results to solve trig equations. | |||

48 | Trig identities | Trigonometric identities | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify trigonometrical expressions and solve trigonometry equations using the knowledge of trig identities. | |||

49 | Trig larger angles | Angles of any magnitude | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the trigonometric values of angles of any magnitude by assigning angles to the four quadrants of the circle. | |||

50 | Trig larger angles | Trigonometric ratios of 0°, 90°, 180°, 270° and 360° | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will learn how to find the Trigonometric Ratios of 0, 90, 180, 270 and 360 degrees. | |||

51 | Graph sine | Graphing the trigonometric ratios – I Sine curve. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will recognise and draw the sine curve exploring changes in amplitude and period. | |||

52 | Graph cosine | Graphing the trigonometric ratios – II Cosine curve. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the cosine curve exploring changes in amplitude and period. | |||

53 | Graphs tan curve | Graphing the trigonometric ratios – III Tangent curve. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the tan curve. | |||

54 | Graph reciprocals | Graphing the trigonometric ratios – IV Reciprocal ratios. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the curves of the reciprocal ratios: cosec, sec and cot. | |||

55 | Trig larger angles | Using one ratio to find another. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will find other trig ratios given one trig ratio and to work with angles of any magnitude. | |||

56 | Statistic-probability | Binomial Theorem – Pascal’s Triangle | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will use Pascal’s triangle and the binomial theorem to write the expansion of binomial expressions raised to integer powers. | |||

57 | Statistic-probability | Binomial probabilities using the Binomial Theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve certain types of probability questions using the binomial theorem | |||

58 | Statistic-probability | Counting techniques and ordered selections – permutations | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be competent in using some new counting techniques used for solving probability. | |||

59 | Statistic-probability | Unordered selections – combinations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the formula, n c r both with and without a calculator and be able to use it to solve probability problems where unordered selections happen. | |||

60 | Vectors | Vectors | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to represent a vector in matrix and diagrammatic form, as well as add two vectors using matrices and/or a diagram. | |||

61 | Vectors | 2 vector addition in 2 and 3D (stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand and use component forms for vector resolution. | |||

62 | Matrices | Basic concepts – Matrices | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have had an introduction to matrices | |||

63 | Matrices | Addition and subtraction of matrices | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to recognise when addition and subtraction of matrices is possible, and perform these operations. | |||

64 | Matrices | Scalar matrix multiplication | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to perform scalar multiplication of a matrix. | |||

65 | Matrices | Multiplication of one matrix by another matrix | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to state whether matrix by matrix multiplication is possible, predict the order of the answer matrix, and then perform matrix by matrix multiplication. | |||

66 | Matrices | Translation in the number plane | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to place ordered pairs into a matrix, then perform translation by addition using a transformation matrix, then extract ordered pairs from an answer matrix. | |||

67 | Matrices | Translation by matrix multiplication | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to convert ordered pairs to elements of a matrix, multiply matrices together, where possible, and interpret the answer matrix on a number plane. | |||

68 | Transformations | Special transformations – reflections, rotations and enlargements. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to perform transformations: to rotate, reflect and change the size of various shapes and or points where applicable. | |||

69 | Simultaneous equations | Number of solutions (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson of the lesson the student will identify simultaneous equations that are consistent, inconsistent or the same. | |||

70 | Linear systems | Optimal solutions (Stage 2) – Vectors | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the process of linear programming to find optimal solutions. | |||

71 | Linear systems | Linear systems with matrices (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will process matrices formed from linear systems of equations. | |||

72 | Linear systems | Row-echelon form (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will process matrices formed from linear systems of equations using the row-echelon form. | |||

73 | Linear systems | Gauss Jordan elimination method (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will process matrices formed from linear systems of equations using the Gauss Jordan elimination method. | |||

74 | Calculus | Limits | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve problems using limiting sum rule. | |||

75 | Calculus=1st prin | Differentiation from first principles. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able apply the first principles (calculus) formula to find the gradient of a tangent at any point on a continuous curve. | |||

76 | Calculus=1st prin | Differentiation of y = x to the power of n. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to differentiate a number of expressions involving x raised to the power of n. | |||

77 | Calculus-differential, integ | Meaning of dy over dx – equations of tangents and normals. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to apply differentiation and algebra skills to find the equation of the tangent and the normal to a point on a curve. | |||

78 | Calculus-differential, integ | Function of a function rule, product rule, quotient rule. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will understand how to use the chain rule, the product rule and the quotient rule. | |||

79 | Calculus-differential, integ | Increasing, decreasing and stationary functions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find the first derivative of various functions, and use it in various situations to identify increasing, decreasing and stationary functions. | |||

80 | Calculus | First Derivative – turning points and curve sketching | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first derivative to find and identify the nature of stationary points on a curve. | |||

81 | Calculus-2nd derivative | The second derivative – concavity. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to find a second derivative, and use it to find the domain over which a curve is concave up or concave down, as well as any points of inflexion. | |||

82 | Calculus – Curve sketching | Curve sketching | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first and second derivatives to find turning points of a curve, identify maxima and minima, and concavity, then use this information to sketch a curve. | |||

83 | Calculus – Maxima minima | Practical applications of maxima and minima | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to apply calculus to a suite of simple maxima or minima problems. | |||

84 | Calculus – Integration | Integration – anti-differentiation, primitive function | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use rules of integration to find primitives of some simple functions. | |||

85 | Calculus – Computation area | Computation of an area | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to select an appropriate formula to calculate an area, re-arrange an expression to suit the formula, and use correct limits in the formula to evaluate an area. | |||

86 | Exam | Exam – Grade 10 – Additional mathematics | |

Objective: Exam |