# S6 – Advanced Level Mathematics – Scotland

### S6 – Advanced Level Mathematics

# | TOPIC | TITLE | |
---|---|---|---|

1 | Study Plan | Study plan – S6 – HNQ – Advanced Level | |

Objective: On completion of the course formative assessment a tailored study plan is created identifying the lessons requiring revision. | |||

2 | Scientific notation | Scientific notation with larger numbers | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change numbers greater than 1 to scientific notation. | |||

3 | Scientific notation | Scientific notation with small numbers | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change numbers between zero and 1 to scientific notation. | |||

4 | Scientific notation | Changing scientific notation to numerals | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change numbers written in scientific notation to basic numerals and be capable of solving problems on the calculator in scientific notation. | |||

5 | Significant figures | Significant figures | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to observe how many significant figures are in a number and how to express a number to a certain level of significant figures. | |||

6 | Surds | Introducing surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify and know the properties of surds as irrational numbers and be able to distinguish them from rational numbers. | |||

7 | Surds | Some rules for the operations with surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the rules for division and multiplication of surds. | |||

8 | Surds | Simplifying surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the rules for simplifying surds using division and multiplication. | |||

9 | Surds | Creating entire surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to write numbers as entire surds and compare numbers by writing as entire surds | |||

10 | Surds | Adding and subtracting like surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add and subtract surds and simplify expressions by collecting like surds. | |||

11 | Surds | Expanding surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and then simplify binomial expressions involving surds. | |||

12 | Surds | Binomial expansions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and simplify the squares of binomial sums and differences involving surds. | |||

13 | Surds | Conjugate binomials with surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and simplify conjugate binomial expressions involving surds. | |||

14 | Surds | Rationalising the denominator | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to rationalise denominators of fractions where the denominator involves surds. | |||

15 | Surds | Rationalising binomial denominators | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to rationalise denominators of fractions where the denominator involves binomial expressions. | |||

16 | Simultaneous equns | Simultaneous equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the substitution method. | |||

17 | Simultaneous equns | Elimination method | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the elimination method. | |||

18 | Simultaneous equns | Elimination method part 2 | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve all types of simultaneous equations with 2 unknown variables by the elimination method. | |||

19 | Simultaneous equns | Applications of simultaneous equations | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to derive simultaneous equations from a given problem and then solve those simultaneous equations. | |||

20 | Geometry-parabola | The parabola: to describe properties of a parabola from its equation | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to predict the general shape and important features of a parabola and then graph the parabola to check the predictions. | |||

21 | Functions and graphs | Quadratic polynomials of the form y = ax. + bx + c. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to predict the general shape of a parabola and verify the predictions by sketching the parabola. The student will also be introduced to the discriminant and the axis. | |||

22 | Functions and graphs | Graphing perfect squares: y=(a-x) squared | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to analyse a curve and then check their work by graphing the curve. | |||

23 | Graphing roots | Graphing irrational roots | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve any polynomial which has real roots, whether they are rational or irrational. | |||

24 | Graphing binomials | Binomial products. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the term binomial product and be capable of expanding and simplifying an expression. | |||

25 | Graphing binomials | Binomial products with negative multiplier | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand specific terms and be prepared to expand and simplify different monic binomial products. | |||

26 | Graphing binomials | Binomial products [non-monic]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson, the student will have examined more complex examples with binomial products. | |||

27 | Squaring binomial | Squaring a binomial. [monic] | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should understand the simple one-step process of squaring a monic binomial. | |||

28 | Squaring binomial | Squaring a binomial [non-monic]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will apply the same rule that is used with monic binomials. | |||

29 | Factorising quads | Factorising quadratic trinomials [monic] – Case 2. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will accurately identify the process if the middle term of a quadratic trinomial is negative. | |||

30 | Factorising quads | Factorising quadratic trinomials [monic] – Case 3. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an increased knowledge on factorising quadratic trinomials and will understand where the 2nd term is positive and the 3rd term is negative. | |||

31 | Factorising quads | Factorising quadratic trinomials [monic] – Case 4. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to factorise all of the possible types of monic quadratic trinomials and specifcally where the 2nd term and 3rd terms are negative. | |||

32 | Factorising quads | Factorisation of non-monic quadratic trinomials | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of factorising any quadratic trinomial. | |||

33 | Factorising quads | Factorisation of non-monic quadratic trinomials – moon method | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student know two methods for factorisation of quadratic trinomials including the cross method. | |||

34 | Sum/diff 2 cubes | Sum and difference of two cubes. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be cognisant of the sum and difference of 2 cubes and be capable of factorising them. | |||

35 | Algebraic fractions | Simplifying algebraic fractions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should be familiar with all of the factorisation methods presented to this point. | |||

36 | Trigonometry-ratios | Trigonometric ratios. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify the hypotenuse, adjacent and opposite sides for a given angle in a right angle triangle. The student will be able to label the side lengths in relation to a given angle e.g. the side c is op | |||

37 | Trigonometry-ratios | Using the calculator. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the calculator to find values for the sine, cosine and tangent ratios of acute angles. | |||

38 | Trigonometry-ratios | Using the trigonometric ratios to find unknown length. [Case 1 Sine]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the sine ratio to calculate lengths and distances. | |||

39 | Trigonometry-ratios | Using the trigonometric ratios to find unknown length. [Case 2 Cosine]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the cosine ratio to find the length of the adjacent side of a right angle triangle. | |||

40 | Trigonometry-ratios | Using the trigonometric ratios to find unknown length. [Case 3 Tangent Ratio]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the tangent ratio to calculate the length of the opposite side in a right angle triangle. | |||

41 | Trigonometry-ratios | Unknown in the denominator. [Case 4]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to use the trig ratios to calculate lengths and distances when the denominator is unknown. | |||

42 | Trigonometry-compass | Bearings – the compass. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify compass bearings, compass bearings with acute angles and 3 figure bearings from true north. | |||

43 | Trigonometry-elevation | Angles of elevation and depression. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify angles of depression and angles of elevation, and the relationship between them. | |||

44 | Trigonometry-practical | Trigonometric ratios in practical situations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use trigonometric ratios to solve problems involving compass bearings and angles of depression and elevation. | |||

45 | Trigonometry-ratios | Using the calculator to find an angle given a trigonometric ratio. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of using a calculator to find the value of an unknown angle when given a trigonometric ratio. | |||

46 | Trigonometry- ratios | Using the trigonometric ratios to find an angle in a right-angled triangle. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the value of an unknown angle in a right angle triangle given the lengths of 2 of the sides. | |||

47 | Trigonometry-exact ratios | Trigonometric ratios of 30., 45. and 60. – exact ratios. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the exact sine, cosine and tangent ratios for the angles 30., 45.and 60. | |||

48 | Trigonometry-cosine rule | The cosine rule to find an unknown side. [Case 1 SAS]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the cosine rule to find the length of an unknown side of a triangle knowing 2 sides and the included angle. | |||

49 | Trigonometry-cosine rule | The cosine rule to find an unknown angle. [Case 2 SSS]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the size of an unknown angle of a triangle using the cosine rule given the lengths of the 3 sides. | |||

50 | Trigonometry-sine rule | The sine rule to find an unknown side. Case 1. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the Sine rule to find the length of a particular side when the student is given the sizes of 2 of the angles and one of the sides. | |||

51 | Trigonometry-sine rule | The sine rule to find an unknown angle. Case 2. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the sine rule to find an unknown angle when given 2 sides and a non-included angle. | |||

52 | Trigonometry-areas | The area formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the sine formula for finding the area of a triangle given 2 sides and the included angle. | |||

53 | Quadratic equations | Introduction to quadratic equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand simple quadratic equations. | |||

54 | Quadratic equations | Quadratic equations with factorisation. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find both roots of a quadratic equation by factorising. | |||

55 | Quadratic equations | Solving quadratic equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have gained more confidence in working with quadratic equations. | |||

56 | Quadratic equations | Completing the square | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the process of completing the square. | |||

57 | Quadratic equations | Solving quadratic equations by completing the square | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the reasoning behind completing the square. | |||

58 | Quadratic equations | The quadratic formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with the quadratic formula. | |||

59 | Quadratic equations | Problem solving with quadratic equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to express a problem as a quadratic equation and then solve it. | |||

60 | Quadratic equations | Solving simultaneous quadratic equations graphically | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will better understand why quadratic equations have two solutions and will be capable of solving quadratic equations and problems graphically.. | |||

61 | Coordinate Geometry-the plane | Distance formula. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the distance between any two points on the number plane and interpret the results. | |||

62 | Statistic-probability | Experimental probability | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to find the probabilities in an experimental trial. | |||

63 | Statistic-probability | Tree diagrams – not depending on previous outcomes | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be confident in drawing tree diagrams to list outcomes of a multi stage probability problem and then finding probabilities of certain events not depending on previous outcomes. | |||

64 | Statistic-probability | Tree diagrams – depending on previous outcomes | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be confident in drawing tree diagrams to list outcomes of other multi stage probability problems and then finding probabilities of certain events depending on previous outcomes. | |||

65 | Statistic-probability | The complementary result .. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of ascertaining the probability of certain results where the complementary event is involved. | |||

66 | Statistic-probability | P[A or B] When A and B are both mutually and NOT mutually exclusive | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to distinguish between mutually exclusive and non mutually exclusive events and be able to find the probabilities of both. | |||

67 | Statistic-probability | Binomial Theorem – Pascal’s Triangle | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will use Pascal’s triangle and the binomial theorem to write the expansion of binomial expressions raised to integer powers. | |||

68 | Statistic-probability | Binomial probabilities using the Binomial Theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve certain types of probability questions using the binomial theorem | |||

69 | Statistic-probability | Counting techniques and ordered selections – permutations | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be competent in using some new counting techniques used for solving probability. | |||

70 | Statistic-probability | Unordered selections – combinations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the formula, n c r both with and without a calculator and be able to use it to solve probability problems where unordered selections happen. | |||

71 | Matrices | Basic concepts – Matrices | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have had an introduction to matrices | |||

72 | Matrices | Addition and subtraction of matrices | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to recognise when addition and subtraction of matrices is possible, and perform these operations. | |||

73 | Matrices | Scalar matrix multiplication | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to perform scalar multiplication of a matrix. | |||

74 | Matrices | Multiplication of one matrix by another matrix | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to state whether matrix by matrix multiplication is possible, predict the order of the answer matrix, and then perform matrix by matrix multiplication. | |||

75 | Matrices | Translation in the number plane | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to place ordered pairs into a matrix, then perform translation by addition using a transformation matrix, then extract ordered pairs from an answer matrix. | |||

76 | Matrices | Translation by matrix multiplication | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to convert ordered pairs to elements of a matrix, multiply matrices together, where possible, and interpret the answer matrix on a number plane. | |||

77 | Transformations | Special transformations – reflections, rotations and enlargements. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to perform transformations: to rotate, reflect and change the size of various shapes and or points where applicable. | |||

78 | Vectors | Vectors | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to represent a vector in matrix and diagrammatic form, as well as add two vectors using matrices and/or a diagram. | |||

79 | Graphing-polynomials | Graphing complex polynomials: quadratics with no real roots | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine whether a quadratic has real or complex roots and then graph it. | |||

80 | Graphing-polynomials | General equation of a circle: determine and graph the equation | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve these types of problems. Working with circles will also help the student in the topic of circle geometry, which tests the student’s skills in logic and reasoning. | |||

81 | Graphing-cubic curves | Graphing cubic curves | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to graph a cubic given its equation or derive the equation of a cubic given its graph or other relevant information. | |||

82 | Absolute value equations | Absolute value equations | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to relate to graphs involving the absolute value function. The student will be capable of graphing the function given its equation and be able to solve for the intersection of an absolute value functio | |||

83 | Rect.hyperbola | The rectangular hyperbola. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to analyse and graph a rectangular hyperbola and describe its important features. | |||

84 | Exponential function | The exponential function. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to graph any equation in the form y equals a to the power x, where a is any positive real number apart from 1. | |||

85 | Log functions | Logarithmic functions. | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to define basic logarithmic functions and describe the relationship between logarithms and exponents including graph logarithmic functions. The student will understand the relationship between logarit | |||

86 | Statistics – grouped data | Calculating mean, mode and median from grouped data | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of identifying class centres, get frequency counts and determine the mean and mode values. | |||

87 | Statistics – Range and dispersion | Range as a measure of dispersion | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine the range and using it in decision making. | |||

88 | Statistics – Spread | Measures of spread | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the standard deviation, using a data set or a frequency distribution table and calculator. | |||

89 | Statistics – Standard deviation | Standard deviation applications | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use standard deviation as a measure of deviation from a mean. | |||

90 | Statistics – Standard deviation | Normal distribution | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the standard deviation of a normal distribution to find the percentage of scores within ranges. | |||

91 | Statistics – Interquartile range | Measures of spread: the interquartile range | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the upper and lower quartiles and the interquartile range | |||

92 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Two point formula | Two point formula: equation of a line which joins a pair of points. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the equation of a line given any two named points on the line. | |||

93 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Intercept form | Intercept form of a straight line: find the equation when given x and y | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an effective and efficient method for calculating the equation of a straight line. | |||

94 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Parallel lines equations | Parallel lines: identify equation of a line parallel to another | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to decide if two or more lines are parallel or not and to solve problems involving parallel lines. | |||

95 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Perpendicular lines | Perpendicular lines. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to derive the equation of a line, given that it is perpendicular to another stated line. | |||

96 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Inequalities | Inequalities on the number plane. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to derive the expression for an inequality given its graph. The student will also be able to solve some problems using inequalities. | |||

97 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Theorems | Perpendicular distance | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to derive the formula to calculate the distance between a given point and a given line. The student will also be able to calculate the distance between parallel lines. | |||

98 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Theorems | Line through intersection of two given lines | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the equation of a line which goes through the intersection of two given lines and also through another named point or satisfies some other specified condition. | |||

99 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Theorems | Angles between two lines | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the angle between given lines and derive the equation of a line given its angle to another line. | |||

100 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Theorems | Internal and external division of an interval | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to divide an interval according to a given ratio and to calculate what point divides an interval in a given ratio for both internal and external divisions. | |||

101 | Translations | Transformations – reflections | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to take a pre-image and using the appropriate techniques, accurately show its image after reflection. | |||

102 | Trig-reciprocal ratios | Reciprocal ratios. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify and use the reciprocal trigonometric ratios of sine, cosine and tan, that is, the cosecant, secant and cotangent ratios. | |||

103 | Trig complementary angles | Complementary angle results. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to establish the complementary angle results for the sine and cosine ratios and then how to use these results to solve trig equations. | |||

104 | Trig identities | Trigonometric identities | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify trigonometrical expressions and solve trigonometry equations using the knowledge of trig identities. | |||

105 | Trig larger angles | Angles of any magnitude | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the trigonometric values of angles of any magnitude by assigning angles to the four quadrants of the circle. | |||

106 | Trig larger angles | Trigonometric ratios of 0°, 90°, 180°, 270° and 360° | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will learn how to find the Trigonometric Ratios of 0, 90, 180, 270 and 360 degrees. | |||

107 | Graph sine | Graphing the trigonometric ratios – I Sine curve. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will recognise and draw the sine curve exploring changes in amplitude and period. | |||

108 | Graph cosine | Graphing the trigonometric ratios – II Cosine curve. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the cosine curve exploring changes in amplitude and period. | |||

109 | Graphs tan curve | Graphing the trigonometric ratios – III Tangent curve. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the tan curve. | |||

110 | Graph reciprocals | Graphing the trigonometric ratios – IV Reciprocal ratios. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the curves of the reciprocal ratios: cosec, sec and cot. | |||

111 | Logarithms-Power of 2 | Powers of 2. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should be able to convert between logarithmic statements and index statements to the power of 2. | |||

112 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations of type log x to the base 3 = 4. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the definition of a logarithm and how to use it to find an unknown variable which in this case is the number from which the logarithm evolves. | |||

113 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations of type log 32 to the base x = 5. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the definition of a logarithm and how to use it to find an unknown variable which in this case is the base from which the number came. | |||

114 | Logarithms-Log laws | Laws of logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with 5 logarithm laws. | |||

115 | Logarithms-Log laws expansion | Using the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions. | |||

116 | Logarithms-Log laws simplifying | Using the log laws to simplify expressions involving logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify logarithmic expressions using the log laws. | |||

117 | Logarithms-Log laws numbers | Using the log laws to find the logarithms of numbers. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the use of the log laws and be able to do more applications with numerical examples. | |||

118 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations involving logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve equations with log terms. | |||

119 | Logarithms-Logs to solve equations | Using logarithms to solve equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use logarithms to solve index equations with the assistance of a calculator. | |||

120 | Logarithms-Change base formula | Change of base formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have seen the change of base formula for logarithms and be capable of using it to change the logarithm of one base to another base. | |||

121 | Logarithms-Graph-log curve | The graph of the logarithmic curve | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a logarithmic curve to a given base and know the general properties of log curves. | |||

122 | Logarithms-Log curves | Working with log curves. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve problems with log curves | |||

123 | Algebra-polynomials | Introduction to polynomials | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand all the terminology associated with polynomials and be able to judge if any algebraic expression is a polynomial or not. | |||

124 | Algebra-polynomials | The sum, difference and product of two polynomials. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add subtract and multiply polynomials and find the degrees of the answers. | |||

125 | Algebra-polynomials | Polynomials and long division. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the long division process with polynomials. | |||

126 | Remainder theorem | The remainder theorem. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how the remainder theorem works and how it can be applied. | |||

127 | Remainder theorem | More on remainder theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the remainder theorem and how it can be applied to solve some interesting questions on finding unknown coefficients of polynomials. | |||

128 | Factor theorem | The factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the factor theorem and determine if a term in the form of x minus a is a factor of a given polynomial. | |||

129 | Factor theorem | More on the factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will fully understand the factor theorem and how it can be applied to solve some questions on finding unknown coefficients of polynomials. | |||

130 | Factor theorem | Complete factorisations using the factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to factorise polynomials of a higher degree than 2 and to find their zeros. | |||

131 | Polynomial equations | Polynomial equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of solving polynomial equations given in different forms. | |||

132 | Graphs, polynomials | Graphs of polynomials | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to graph polynomials using the zeros of polynomials, the y intercepts and the direction of the curves. | |||

133 | Roots quad equations | Sum and product of roots of quadratic equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas for the sum and product of roots of quadratic polynomials and how to use them. The student will understand how to form a quadratic equation given its roots. | |||

134 | Roots quad equations | Sum and product of roots of cubic and quartic equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to do problems on the sum and products of roots of cubic and quartic equations. | |||

135 | Approx roots | Methods of approximating roots | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of finding approximate roots of polynomial equations using half the interval method. The student will be able to make a number of applications of this rule within the one question. | |||

136 | Newton’s approx | Newton’s method of approximation | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use Newton’s method in finding approximate roots of polynomial equations and be capable of more than one application of this method. | |||

137 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – Equal arcs on circles of equal radii subtend equal angles at the centre. Theorem – Equal angles at the centre of a circle on equal arcs. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘Equal arcs on circles of equal radii, subtend equal angles at the centre’, and that ‘Equal angles at the centre of a circle stand on equal arcs.’ They should then be able to use these pro | |||

138 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – The perpendicular from the centre of a circle to a chord bisects the chord. Theorem – The line from the centre of a circle to the mid-point of the chord is perpendicular to the chord. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘The perpendicular from the centre of a circle to a chord bisects the chord.’ and its converse theorem ‘The line from the centre of a circle to the mid-point of the chord is perpendicular’ | |||

139 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – Equal chords in equal circles are equidistant from the centres. Theorem – Chords in a circle which are equidistant from the centre are equal. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that equal chords in equal circles are equidistant from the centre. | |||

140 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – The angle at the centre of a circle is double the angle at the circumference standing on the same arc. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the angle at the centre of a circle is double the angle at the circumference standing on the same arc. | |||

141 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the angles in the same segment are equal. | |||

142 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – The angle of a semi-circle is a right angle. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘The angle of a semi-circle is a right-angle.’ | |||

143 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – The opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary. | |||

144 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – The exterior angle at a vertex of a cyclic quadrilateral equals the interior opposite angle. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the exterior angle at a vertex of a cyclic quadrilateral equals the interior opposite. | |||

145 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – The tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius drawn to it at the point of contact. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the tangent and the radius of a circle are perpendicular at the point of contact. | |||

146 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – Tangents to a circle from an external point are equal. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that tangents to a circle from an external point are equal. | |||

147 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – The angle between a tangent and a chord through the point of contact is equal to the angle in the alternate segment. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the angle between a tangent and a chord through the point of contact is equal to the angle in the alternate segment. | |||

148 | Sequences and Series | General sequences. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to work out a formula from a given number pattern and then be able to find particular terms of that sequence using the formula. | |||

149 | Sequences and Series | Finding Tn given Sn. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the concept that the sum of n terms of a series minus the sum of n minus one terms will yield the nth term. | |||

150 | Arithmetic Progression | The arithmetic progression | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to test if a given sequence is an Arithmetic Progression or not and be capable of finding a formula for the nth term, find any term in the A.P. and to solve problems involving these concepts. | |||

151 | Arithmetic Progression | Finding the position of a term in an A.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve many problems involving finding terms of an Arithmetic Progression. | |||

152 | Arithmetic Progression | Given two terms of A.P., find the sequence. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find any term of an Arithmetic Progression when given two terms | |||

153 | Arithmetic Progression | Arithmetic means | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to make an arithmetic progression between two given terms. This could involve finding one, two, or even larger number of arithmetic means. | |||

154 | Arithmetic Progression | The sum to n terms of an A.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas for the sum of an Arithmetic Progression and how to use them in solving problems. | |||

155 | Geometric Progression | The geometric progression. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to test if a given sequence is a Geometric Progression or not and be capable of finding a formula for the nth term, find any term in the G.P. and to solve problems involving these concepts. | |||

156 | Geometric Progression | Finding the position of a term in a G.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find terms in a geometric progression and how to apply it different types of problems. | |||

157 | Geometric Progression | Given two terms of G.P., find the sequence. | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to solve all problems involving finding the common ratio of a Geometric Progression. | |||

158 | Calculus | Limits | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve problems using limiting sum rule. | |||

159 | Calculus=1st prin | Differentiation from first principles. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able apply the first principles (calculus) formula to find the gradient of a tangent at any point on a continuous curve. | |||

160 | Calculus=1st prin | Differentiation of y = x to the power of n. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to differentiate a number of expressions involving x raised to the power of n. | |||

161 | Calculus-differential, integ | Meaning of dy over dx – equations of tangents and normals. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to apply differentiation and algebra skills to find the equation of the tangent and the normal to a point on a curve. | |||

162 | Calculus-differential, integ | Function of a function rule, product rule, quotient rule. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will understand how to use the chain rule, the product rule and the quotient rule. | |||

163 | Calculus-differential, integ | Increasing, decreasing and stationary functions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find the first derivative of various functions, and use it in various situations to identify increasing, decreasing and stationary functions. | |||

164 | Calculus | First Derivative – turning points and curve sketching | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first derivative to find and identify the nature of stationary points on a curve. | |||

165 | Calculus-2nd derivative | The second derivative – concavity. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to find a second derivative, and use it to find the domain over which a curve is concave up or concave down, as well as any points of inflexion. | |||

166 | Sequences and Series-Geometric means | Geometric means. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to make a geometric progression between two given terms. This could involve finding one, two, or even larger number of geometric means. | |||

167 | Sequences and Series-Sum of gp | The sum to n terms of a G.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas and how to use them to solve problems in summing terms of a Geometric Progression (G.P). | |||

168 | Sequences and Series-Sigma notation | Sigma notation | |

Objective: On completion of the G.P. lesson the student will be familiar with the sigma notation and how it operates. | |||

169 | Sequences and Series-Sum-infinity | Limiting sum or sum to infinity. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have learnt the formula for the limiting sum of a G.P., the conditions for it to exist and how to apply it to particular problems. | |||

170 | Sequences and Series-Recurring decimal infinity | Recurring decimals and the infinite G.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the G.P. lesson the student will have understood how to convert any recurring decimal to a rational number. | |||

171 | Sequences and Series | Applications of arithmetic sequences | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of problems involving practical situations with arithmetic series. | |||

172 | Circle Geometry-chords | Theorem – The products of the intercepts of two intersecting chords are equal. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘The product of the intercepts of two intersecting chords are equal.’, and use this result to complete questions that require this knowledge. | |||

173 | Circle Geometry-tangents | Theorem – The square of the length of the tangent from an external point is equal to the product of the intercepts of the secant passing through this point. [Including Alternate Proof] | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove and apply ‘The square of the length of the tangent from an external point is equal to the product of the intercepts of the secant passing through this point ‘, and use this result to complete q | |||

174 | Circle Geometry-cyclic quads | Theorem – If the opposite angles in a quadrilateral are supplementary then the quadrilateral is cyclic. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that a quadrilateral is cyclic using the supplementary angles theorem. | |||

175 | Circle Geometry-subtending | Theorem – If an interval subtends equal angles at two points on the same side of it, then the end points of the interval and the two points are concyclic. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘ If an interval subtends equal angles at two points on the same side of it, then the end points of the interval and the two points are concyclic’, and use this result to complete the ques | |||

176 | Circle Geometry | Theorem – When circles touch, the line of the centres passes through the point of contact. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘ When two circles touch, the line of the centres passes through the point of contact’, and use this result to complete questions that require it. | |||

177 | Circle Geometry-non-collinear | Theorem – Any three non-collinear points lie on a unique circle whose centre is the point of concurrency of the perpendicular bisectors of the intervals joining these points. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘ Any three non-collinear points lie on a unique circle whose centre is the point of concurrency of the perpendicular bisectors of the intervals joining these points’, and use this knowled | |||

178 | Calculus – Curve sketching | Curve sketching | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first and second derivatives to find turning points of a curve, identify maxima and minima, and concavity, then use this information to sketch a curve. | |||

179 | Calculus – Maxima minima | Practical applications of maxima and minima | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to apply calculus to a suite of simple maxima or minima problems. | |||

180 | Calculus – Integration | Integration – anti-differentiation, primitive function | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use rules of integration to find primitives of some simple functions. | |||

181 | Calculus – Computation area | Computation of an area | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to select an appropriate formula to calculate an area, re-arrange an expression to suit the formula, and use correct limits in the formula to evaluate an area. | |||

182 | Calculus – Computation volumes | Computation of volumes of revolution | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will know how to choose an appropriate volume formula, re-arrange an expression to suit the formula, and then calculate a result to a prescribed accuracy. | |||

183 | Calculus – Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules | The Trapezium rule and Simpson’s rule | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will know how to calculate sub-intervals, set up a table of values, then apply the Trapezoidal Rule, or Simpson’s Rule to approximate an area beneath a curve. | |||

184 | Exam | Exam – S6 – HNQ – Advanced Level | |

Objective: Exam |