Year 13 (NCEA) Mathematics – New Zealand
Year 13 (NCEA) Mathematics
#  TOPIC  TITLE  

1  Study Plan  Study plan – Year 13  
Objective: On completion of the course formative assessment a tailored study plan is created identifying the lessons requiring revision.  
2  Rules for indices/exponents  Adding indices when multiplying terms with the same base  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the index law of addition of powers when multiplying terms with the same base.  
3  Rules for indices/exponents  Subtracting indices when dividing terms with the same base  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the index law of subtraction of powers when dividing terms with the same base.  
4  Rules for indices/exponents  Multiplying indices when raising a power to a power  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the law of multiplication of indices when raising a power to a power.  
5  Rules for indices/exponents  Multiplying indices when raising to more than one term  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the law of multiplication of indices when raising more than one term to the same power.  
6  Rules for indices/exponents  Terms raised to the power of zero  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will learn how to evaluate or simplify terms that are raised to the power of zero.  
7  Rules for indices/exponents  Negative Indices  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to evaluate or simplify expressions containing negative indices.  
8  Fractional indices/exponents  Fractional indices  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to evaluate or simplify expressions containing fractional indices.  
9  Fractional indices/exponents  Complex fractions as indices  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to evaluate or simplify expressions containing complex fractional indices.  
10  Algebraic equations  Equations involving fractions.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to solve equations using fractions.  
11  Algebra formulae  Equations resulting from substitution into formulae.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to substitute into formulae and then solve the resulting equations.  
12  Algebra formulae  Changing the subject of the formula.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to move pronumerals around an equation using all the rules and operations covered previously.  
13  Algebrainequalities  Solving Inequalities.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the ‘greater than’ and ‘less than’ signs, and be able to perform simple inequalities.  
14  Algebrafactorising  Simplifying easy algebraic fractions.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to simplify algebraic fractions by factorising.  
15  Algebraic fractions  Simplifying algebraic fractions using the index laws.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify most algebraic fractions using different methodologies.  
16  Algebranegative indices  Algebraic fractions resulting in negative indices.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to understand how to simplify an algebraic fractional expression with a negative index, and also how to write such an expression without a negative index.  
17  Factorisation  Factorisation of algebraic fractions including binomials.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should be able to simplify more complex algebraic fractions using a variety of methods.  
18  Algebraic fractionsbinomial  Cancelling binomial factors in algebraic fractions.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should be able to factorise binomials to simplify fractions.  
19  Absolute value or modulus  Simplifying absolute values  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify expressions involving absolute values or the modulus of real numbers.  
20  Absolute value or modulus  Solving for the variable  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve equations involving a single absolute value.  
21  Absolute value or modulus  Solving and graphing inequalities  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve inequalities involving one absolute value.  
22  Simultaneous equns  Simultaneous equations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the substitution method.  
23  Simultaneous equns  Elimination method  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the elimination method.  
24  Simultaneous equns  Elimination method part 2  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve all types of simultaneous equations with 2 unknown variables by the elimination method.  
25  Simultaneous equns  Applications of simultaneous equations  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to derive simultaneous equations from a given problem and then solve those simultaneous equations.  
26  Geometrycircles  The equation of a circle: to find radii of circles  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe a circle mathematically given its equation or its graph. Additionally, the student will be able to work out the equation of a circle given its centre and radius.  
27  Geometrycircles  The semicircle: to select the equation given the semi circle and vice versa  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to sketch a semicircle given its equation and derive the equation of a given semicircle.  
28  Geometryparabola  The parabola: to describe properties of a parabola from its equation 

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to predict the general shape and important features of a parabola and then graph the parabola to check the predictions.  
29  Functions and graphs  Quadratic polynomials of the form y = ax. + bx + c.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to predict the general shape of a parabola and verify the predictions by sketching the parabola. The student will also be introduced to the discriminant and the axis.  
30  Functions and graphs  Graphing perfect squares: y=(ax) squared  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to analyse a curve and then check their work by graphing the curve.  
31  Graphing roots  Graphing irrational roots  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve any polynomial which has real roots, whether they are rational or irrational.  
32  Coordinate geometry  Solve by graphing  
Objective: On completion of the lesson students will use the slope intercept form of a line to create graphs and find points of intersection.  
33  Graphingpolynomials  Graphing complex polynomials: quadratics with no real roots  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine whether a quadratic has real or complex roots and then graph it.  
34  Graphingpolynomials  General equation of a circle: determine and graph the equation  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve these types of problems. Working with circles will also help the student in the topic of circle geometry, which tests the student’s skills in logic and reasoning.  
35  Graphingcubic curves  Graphing cubic curves  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to graph a cubic given its equation or derive the equation of a cubic given its graph or other relevant information.  
36  Absolute value equations  Absolute value equations  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to relate to graphs involving the absolute value function. The student will be capable of graphing the function given its equation and be able to solve for the intersection of an absolute value functio  
37  Rect.hyperbola  The rectangular hyperbola.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to analyse and graph a rectangular hyperbola and describe its important features.  
38  Exponential function  The exponential function.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to graph any equation in the form y equals a to the power x, where a is any positive real number apart from 1.  
39  Log functions  Logarithmic functions.  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to define basic logarithmic functions and describe the relationship between logarithms and exponents including graph logarithmic functions. The student will understand the relationship between logarit  
40  Circle Geometry  Theorem – Equal arcs on circles of equal radii subtend equal angles at the centre. Theorem – Equal angles at the centre of a circle on equal arcs.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘Equal arcs on circles of equal radii, subtend equal angles at the centre’, and that ‘Equal angles at the centre of a circle stand on equal arcs.’ They should then be able to use these pro  
41  Circle Geometry  Theorem – The perpendicular from the centre of a circle to a chord bisects the chord. Theorem – The line from the centre of a circle to the midpoint of the chord is perpendicular to the chord.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘The perpendicular from the centre of a circle to a chord bisects the chord.’ and its converse theorem ‘The line from the centre of a circle to the midpoint of the chord is perpendicular’  
42  Circle Geometry  Theorem – Equal chords in equal circles are equidistant from the centres. Theorem – Chords in a circle which are equidistant from the centre are equal.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that equal chords in equal circles are equidistant from the centre.  
43  Circle Geometry  Theorem – The angle at the centre of a circle is double the angle at the circumference standing on the same arc.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the angle at the centre of a circle is double the angle at the circumference standing on the same arc.  
44  Circle Geometry  Theorem – Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the angles in the same segment are equal.  
45  Circle Geometry  Theorem – The angle of a semicircle is a right angle.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘The angle of a semicircle is a rightangle.’  
46  Circle Geometry  Theorem – The opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary.  
47  Circle Geometry  Theorem – The exterior angle at a vertex of a cyclic quadrilateral equals the interior opposite angle.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the exterior angle at a vertex of a cyclic quadrilateral equals the interior opposite.  
48  Circle Geometry  Theorem – The tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius drawn to it at the point of contact.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the tangent and the radius of a circle are perpendicular at the point of contact.  
49  Circle Geometry  Theorem – Tangents to a circle from an external point are equal.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that tangents to a circle from an external point are equal.  
50  Circle Geometry  Theorem – The angle between a tangent and a chord through the point of contact is equal to the angle in the alternate segment.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the angle between a tangent and a chord through the point of contact is equal to the angle in the alternate segment.  
51  Coordinate GeometryTwo point formula  Two point formula: equation of a line which joins a pair of points. 

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the equation of a line given any two named points on the line.  
52  Coordinate GeometryIntercept form  Intercept form of a straight line: find the equation when given x and y  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an effective and efficient method for calculating the equation of a straight line.  
53  Coordinate GeometryParallel lines equations 
Parallel lines: identify equation of a line parallel to another  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to decide if two or more lines are parallel or not and to solve problems involving parallel lines.  
54  Coordinate GeometryPerpendicular lines  Perpendicular lines.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to derive the equation of a line, given that it is perpendicular to another stated line.  
55  Coordinate GeometryInequalities  Inequalities on the number plane.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to derive the expression for an inequality given its graph. The student will also be able to solve some problems using inequalities.  
56  Coordinate GeometryTheorems  Perpendicular distance  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to derive the formula to calculate the distance between a given point and a given line. The student will also be able to calculate the distance between parallel lines.  
57  Coordinate GeometryTheorems  Line through intersection of two given lines  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the equation of a line which goes through the intersection of two given lines and also through another named point or satisfies some other specified condition.  
58  Coordinate GeometryTheorems  Angles between two lines  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the angle between given lines and derive the equation of a line given its angle to another line.  
59  Coordinate GeometryTheorems  Internal and external division of an interval  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to divide an interval according to a given ratio and to calculate what point divides an interval in a given ratio for both internal and external divisions.  
60  Statistics – Standard deviation  Standard deviation applications  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use standard deviation as a measure of deviation from a mean.  
61  Statistics – Standard deviation  Normal distribution  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the standard deviation of a normal distribution to find the percentage of scores within ranges.  
62  Statistics – Interquartile range  Measures of spread: the interquartile range  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the upper and lower quartiles and the interquartile range  
63  Statistics  Stem and Leaf Plots along with Box and Whisker Plots  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with vocabulary for statistics including quartiles, mode, median, range and the representation of this information on a Box and Whisker Plot.  
64  Statistics  Scatter Diagrams  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to construct scatter plots and draw conclusions from these.  
65  Trigonometryexact ratios  Trigonometric ratios of 30., 45. and 60. – exact ratios.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the exact sine, cosine and tangent ratios for the angles 30., 45.and 60.  
66  Trigonometrycosine rule  The cosine rule to find an unknown side. [Case 1 SAS].  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the cosine rule to find the length of an unknown side of a triangle knowing 2 sides and the included angle.  
67  Trigonometrycosine rule  The cosine rule to find an unknown angle. [Case 2 SSS].  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the size of an unknown angle of a triangle using the cosine rule given the lengths of the 3 sides.  
68  Trigonometrysine rule  The sine rule to find an unknown side. Case 1.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the Sine rule to find the length of a particular side when the student is given the sizes of 2 of the angles and one of the sides.  
69  Trigonometrysine rule  The sine rule to find an unknown angle. Case 2.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the sine rule to find an unknown angle when given 2 sides and a nonincluded angle.  
70  Trigonometryareas  The area formula  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the sine formula for finding the area of a triangle given 2 sides and the included angle.  
71  Graphing binomials  Binomial products.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the term binomial product and be capable of expanding and simplifying an expression.  
72  Graphing binomials  Binomial products with negative multiplier  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand specific terms and be prepared to expand and simplify different monic binomial products.  
73  Graphing binomials  Binomial products [nonmonic].  
Objective: On completion of the lesson, the student will have examined more complex examples with binomial products.  
74  Squaring binomial  Squaring a binomial. [monic]  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should understand the simple onestep process of squaring a monic binomial.  
75  Squaring binomial  Squaring a binomial [nonmonic].  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will apply the same rule that is used with monic binomials.  
76  Factorising  Expansions leading to the difference of two squares  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand expansions leading to differences of 2 squares.  
77  Algebraic expressionsproducts  Products in simplification of algebraic expressions  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand simplification of algebraic expressions in stepbystep processing.  
78  Algebraic expressionslarger expansions  Algebraic Expressions – Larger expansions.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of expanding larger algebraic expressions.  
79  Algebrahighest common factor  Highest common factor.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of turning a simple algebraic expression into the product of a factor in parentheses and identifying the highest common factors of the whole expression.  
80  Factors by grouping  Factors by grouping.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to complete the process given just two factors for the whole expression.  
81  Difference of 2 squares  Difference of two squares  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student understand the difference of two squares and be capable of recognising the factors.  
82  Common fact and diff  Common factor and the difference of two squares  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be aware of common factors and recognise the difference of two squares.  
83  Quadratic trinomials  Quadratic trinomials [monic] – Case 1.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the factorisation of quadratic trinomial equations with all terms positive.  
84  Factorising quads  Factorising quadratic trinomials [monic] – Case 2.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will accurately identify the process if the middle term of a quadratic trinomial is negative.  
85  Factorising quads  Factorising quadratic trinomials [monic] – Case 3.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an increased knowledge on factorising quadratic trinomials and will understand where the 2nd term is positive and the 3rd term is negative.  
86  Factorising quads  Factorising quadratic trinomials [monic] – Case 4.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to factorise all of the possible types of monic quadratic trinomials and specifcally where the 2nd term and 3rd terms are negative.  
87  Factorising quads  Factorisation of nonmonic quadratic trinomials  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of factorising any quadratic trinomial.  
88  Factorising quads  Factorisation of nonmonic quadratic trinomials – moon method  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student know two methods for factorisation of quadratic trinomials including the cross method.  
89  Sum/diff 2 cubes  Sum and difference of two cubes.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be cognisant of the sum and difference of 2 cubes and be capable of factorising them.  
90  Algebraic fractions  Simplifying algebraic fractions.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should be familiar with all of the factorisation methods presented to this point.  
91  Logic  Inductive and deductive reasoning  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will understand and use the terms hypothesis, conclusion, inductive and deductive.  
92  Logic  Definition and use of counter examples  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to create counter examples to statements.  
93  Logic  Indirect proofs  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use indirect proofs by assuming the opposite of the statement being proved.  
94  Logic  Mathematical induction  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to perform the process of mathematical induction for simple series.  
95  Quadratic equations  Completing the square  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the process of completing the square.  
96  Quadratic equations  Solving quadratic equations by completing the square  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the reasoning behind completing the square.  
97  Quadratic equations  The quadratic formula  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with the quadratic formula.  
98  Quadratic equations  Problem solving with quadratic equations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to express a problem as a quadratic equation and then solve it.  
99  Quadratic equations  Solving simultaneous quadratic equations graphically  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will better understand why quadratic equations have two solutions and will be capable of solving quadratic equations and problems graphically..  
100  Coordinate Geometrythe plane  Distance formula.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the distance between any two points on the number plane and interpret the results.  
101  Coordinate Geometrymidpoint, slope  Midpoint formula  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to understand the mid point formula and use it practically.  
102  Coordinate Geometrygradient  Gradient 

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the gradient of a line given its inclination, or angle to the positive direction of the xaxis; or its rise and run.  
103  Coordinate Geometrygradient  Gradient formula.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the gradient of a line given any two points on the line and also be capable of checking whether 3 or more points lie on the same line and what an unknown point will make to parallel lines.  
104  Coordinate Geometrystraight line  The straight line.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a line which is parallel to either axis and comment on its gradient, where that gradient exists.  
105  Coordinate Geometryslope, etc.  Lines through the origin.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a line which passes through the origin of the form y=mx and comment on its gradient compared to the gradients of other lines through the origin and use the information to solve problems.  
106  Coordinate Geometryequation of line  General form of a line and the x and y Intercepts.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change the equation of a straight line from the form, written as y=mx+c, into the general form and vice versa.  
107  Coordinate Geometryintercept  Slope intercept form of a line.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the slope and intercept given the equation and given the slope and intercept, derive the equation.  
108  Coordinate Geometrypoint slope  Point slope form of a line  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to derive the equation of a straight line given the gradient and a point on the line.  
109  Simultaneous equations  Number of solutions (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson of the lesson the student will identify simultaneous equations that are consistent, inconsistent or the same.  
110  Vectors  2 vector addition in 2 and 3D (stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand and use component forms for vector resolution.  
111  Linear systems  Optimal solutions (Stage 2) – Vectors  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the process of linear programming to find optimal solutions.  
112  Linear systems  Linear systems with matrices (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will process matrices formed from linear systems of equations.  
113  Linear systems  Rowechelon form (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will process matrices formed from linear systems of equations using the rowechelon form.  
114  Linear systems  Gauss Jordan elimination method (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will process matrices formed from linear systems of equations using the Gauss Jordan elimination method.  
115  Functions  Definition, domain and range  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to select functions from relations by referring to the domain and range.  
116  Functions  Notation and evaluations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be understand different notations for functions.  
117  Functions  More on domain and range  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe the domain and range using appropriate set notation.  
118  Functions  Domain and range from graphical representations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe the domain and range using appropriate set notation from graphical representations.  
119  Functions  Evaluating and graphing piecewise functions  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to evaluate and graph piecewise functions.  
120  Functions  Functions combinations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to perform operations with functions while working with their domains.  
121  Functions  Composition of functions  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand composition of functions or a function of a function.  
122  Functions  Inverse functions  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find inverse functions, use the notation correctly and the horizontal line test will be used.  
123  Functions  Rational functions Part 1  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to work with the division of functions and to interpret this on the coordinate number plane showing vertical and horizontal asymptotes.  
124  Functions  Rational functions Part 2  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the degree of polynomials and polynomial division to assist in graphing rational functions on the coordinate number plane showing vertical, horizontal and slant asymptotes.  
125  Trigreciprocal ratios  Reciprocal ratios.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify and use the reciprocal trigonometric ratios of sine, cosine and tan, that is, the cosecant, secant and cotangent ratios.  
126  Trig complementary angles  Complementary angle results.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to establish the complementary angle results for the sine and cosine ratios and then how to use these results to solve trig equations.  
127  Trig identities  Trigonometric identities  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify trigonometrical expressions and solve trigonometry equations using the knowledge of trig identities.  
128  Trig larger angles  Angles of any magnitude  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the trigonometric values of angles of any magnitude by assigning angles to the four quadrants of the circle.  
129  Trig larger angles  Trigonometric ratios of 0°, 90°, 180°, 270° and 360°  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will learn how to find the Trigonometric Ratios of 0, 90, 180, 270 and 360 degrees.  
130  Graph sine  Graphing the trigonometric ratios – I Sine curve.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will recognise and draw the sine curve exploring changes in amplitude and period.  
131  Graph cosine  Graphing the trigonometric ratios – II Cosine curve.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the cosine curve exploring changes in amplitude and period.  
132  Graphs tan curve  Graphing the trigonometric ratios – III Tangent curve.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the tan curve.  
133  Graph reciprocals  Graphing the trigonometric ratios – IV Reciprocal ratios.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to recognise and draw the curves of the reciprocal ratios: cosec, sec and cot.  
134  Trig larger angles  Using one ratio to find another.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will find other trig ratios given one trig ratio and to work with angles of any magnitude.  
135  Trig equations  Solving trigonometric equations – Type I.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will solve simple trig equations with restricted domains.  
136  Trig equations  Solving trigonometric equations – Type II.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will solve trig equations with multiples of theta and restricted domains.  
137  Trig equations  Solving trigonometric equations – Type III.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will solve trig equations with two trig ratios and restricted domains.  
138  LogarithmsPower of 2  Powers of 2.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should be able to convert between logarithmic statements and index statements to the power of 2.  
139  LogarithmsEquations and logs  Equations of type log x to the base 3 = 4.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the definition of a logarithm and how to use it to find an unknown variable which in this case is the number from which the logarithm evolves.  
140  LogarithmsEquations and logs  Equations of type log 32 to the base x = 5.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the definition of a logarithm and how to use it to find an unknown variable which in this case is the base from which the number came.  
141  LogarithmsLog laws  Laws of logarithms.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with 5 logarithm laws.  
142  LogarithmsLog laws expansion  Using the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions.  
143  LogarithmsLog laws simplifying  Using the log laws to simplify expressions involving logarithms.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify logarithmic expressions using the log laws.  
144  LogarithmsLog laws numbers  Using the log laws to find the logarithms of numbers.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the use of the log laws and be able to do more applications with numerical examples.  
145  LogarithmsEquations and logs  Equations involving logarithms.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve equations with log terms.  
146  LogarithmsLogs to solve equations  Using logarithms to solve equations.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use logarithms to solve index equations with the assistance of a calculator.  
147  Sequences and Series  General sequences.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to work out a formula from a given number pattern and then be able to find particular terms of that sequence using the formula.  
148  Sequences and Series  Finding Tn given Sn.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the concept that the sum of n terms of a series minus the sum of n minus one terms will yield the nth term.  
149  Arithmetic Progression  The arithmetic progression  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to test if a given sequence is an Arithmetic Progression or not and be capable of finding a formula for the nth term, find any term in the A.P. and to solve problems involving these concepts.  
150  Arithmetic Progression  Finding the position of a term in an A.P.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve many problems involving finding terms of an Arithmetic Progression.  
151  Arithmetic Progression  Given two terms of A.P., find the sequence.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find any term of an Arithmetic Progression when given two terms  
152  Arithmetic Progression  Arithmetic means  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to make an arithmetic progression between two given terms. This could involve finding one, two, or even larger number of arithmetic means.  
153  Arithmetic Progression  The sum to n terms of an A.P.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas for the sum of an Arithmetic Progression and how to use them in solving problems.  
154  Geometric Progression  The geometric progression.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to test if a given sequence is a Geometric Progression or not and be capable of finding a formula for the nth term, find any term in the G.P. and to solve problems involving these concepts.  
155  Geometric Progression  Finding the position of a term in a G.P.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find terms in a geometric progression and how to apply it different types of problems.  
156  Geometric Progression  Given two terms of G.P., find the sequence.  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to solve all problems involving finding the common ratio of a Geometric Progression.  
157  Calculus  Limits  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve problems using limiting sum rule.  
158  Calculus=1st prin  Differentiation from first principles.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able apply the first principles (calculus) formula to find the gradient of a tangent at any point on a continuous curve.  
159  Calculus=1st prin  Differentiation of y = x to the power of n.  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to differentiate a number of expressions involving x raised to the power of n.  
160  Calculusdifferential, integ  Meaning of dy over dx – equations of tangents and normals.  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to apply differentiation and algebra skills to find the equation of the tangent and the normal to a point on a curve.  
161  Calculusdifferential, integ  Function of a function rule, product rule, quotient rule.  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will understand how to use the chain rule, the product rule and the quotient rule.  
162  Calculusdifferential, integ  Increasing, decreasing and stationary functions.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find the first derivative of various functions, and use it in various situations to identify increasing, decreasing and stationary functions.  
163  Calculus  First Derivative – turning points and curve sketching  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first derivative to find and identify the nature of stationary points on a curve.  
164  Calculus2nd derivative  The second derivative – concavity.  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to find a second derivative, and use it to find the domain over which a curve is concave up or concave down, as well as any points of inflexion.  
165  Sequences and SeriesGeometric means  Geometric means.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to make a geometric progression between two given terms. This could involve finding one, two, or even larger number of geometric means.  
166  Sequences and SeriesSum of gp  The sum to n terms of a G.P.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas and how to use them to solve problems in summing terms of a Geometric Progression (G.P).  
167  Sequences and SeriesSigma notation  Sigma notation  
Objective: On completion of the G.P. lesson the student will be familiar with the sigma notation and how it operates.  
168  Sequences and SeriesSuminfinity  Limiting sum or sum to infinity.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have learnt the formula for the limiting sum of a G.P., the conditions for it to exist and how to apply it to particular problems.  
169  Sequences and SeriesRecurring decimal infinity 
Recurring decimals and the infinite G.P.  
Objective: On completion of the G.P. lesson the student will have understood how to convert any recurring decimal to a rational number.  
170  Sequences and SeriesCompound interest  Compound interest  
Objective: On completion of the G.P. lesson the student will understand the compound interest formula and how to use it and adjust the values of r and n, if required, for different compounding periods.  
171  Sequences and SeriesSuperannuation  Superannuation. 

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the method of finding the accumulated amount of a superannuation investment using the sum formula for a G.P.  
172  Sequences and SeriesTime payments  Time payments.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have examined examples carefully and be capable of setting out the long method of calculating a regular payment for a reducible interest loan.  
173  Sequences and Series  Applications of arithmetic sequences  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of problems involving practical situations with arithmetic series.  
174  Calculus – Curve sketching  Curve sketching  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first and second derivatives to find turning points of a curve, identify maxima and minima, and concavity, then use this information to sketch a curve.  
175  Calculus – Maxima minima  Practical applications of maxima and minima  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to apply calculus to a suite of simple maxima or minima problems.  
176  Calculus – Integration  Integration – antidifferentiation, primitive function  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use rules of integration to find primitives of some simple functions.  
177  Calculus – Computation area  Computation of an area  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to select an appropriate formula to calculate an area, rearrange an expression to suit the formula, and use correct limits in the formula to evaluate an area.  
178  Calculus – Computation volumes  Computation of volumes of revolution  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will know how to choose an appropriate volume formula, rearrange an expression to suit the formula, and then calculate a result to a prescribed accuracy.  
179  Calculus – Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules  The Trapezium rule and Simpson’s rule  
Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will know how to calculate subintervals, set up a table of values, then apply the Trapezoidal Rule, or Simpson’s Rule to approximate an area beneath a curve.  
180  Conic sections  Introduction to conic sections and their general equation  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will identify the conic section from the coefficients of the equation.  
181  Conic sections  The parabola x. = 4ay  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will identify the focus and directrix for a parabola given in standard form.  
182  Conic sections  Circles 

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will identify the radius of a circle given in standard form.  
183  Conic sections  Ellipses 

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will identify focus, vertices and axes of an ellipse.  
184  Conic sections  Hyperbola 

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will identify focus, vertices, axes and asymptotes of a hyperbola.  
185  Functions  Parametric equations (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to eliminate the parameter from a set of equations and identify appropriate restrictions on the domain and range.  
186  Functions  Polynomial addition etc in combining and simplifying functions (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have multiple techniques to understand and construct graphs using algebra.  
187  Functions  Parametric functions (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand some standard parametric forms using trigonometric identities, appreciate the beauty of the the graphs that can be generated and an application to projectile motion.  
188  Algebrapolynomials  Introduction to polynomials  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand all the terminology associated with polynomials and be able to judge if any algebraic expression is a polynomial or not.  
189  Algebrapolynomials  The sum, difference and product of two polynomials.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add subtract and multiply polynomials and find the degrees of the answers.  
190  Algebrapolynomials  Polynomials and long division.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the long division process with polynomials.  
191  Remainder theorem  The remainder theorem.  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how the remainder theorem works and how it can be applied.  
192  Remainder theorem  More on remainder theorem  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the remainder theorem and how it can be applied to solve some interesting questions on finding unknown coefficients of polynomials.  
193  Factor theorem  The factor theorem  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the factor theorem and determine if a term in the form of x minus a is a factor of a given polynomial.  
194  Factor theorem  More on the factor theorem  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will fully understand the factor theorem and how it can be applied to solve some questions on finding unknown coefficients of polynomials.  
195  Factor theorem  Complete factorisations using the factor theorem  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to factorise polynomials of a higher degree than 2 and to find their zeros.  
196  Polynomial equations  Polynomial equations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of solving polynomial equations given in different forms.  
197  Graphs, polynomials  Graphs of polynomials  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to graph polynomials using the zeros of polynomials, the y intercepts and the direction of the curves.  
198  Roots quad equations  Sum and product of roots of quadratic equations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas for the sum and product of roots of quadratic polynomials and how to use them. The student will understand how to form a quadratic equation given its roots.  
199  Roots quad equations  Sum and product of roots of cubic and quartic equations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to do problems on the sum and products of roots of cubic and quartic equations.  
200  Approx roots  Methods of approximating roots  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of finding approximate roots of polynomial equations using half the interval method. The student will be able to make a number of applications of this rule within the one question.  
201  Newton’s approx  Newton’s method of approximation  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use Newton’s method in finding approximate roots of polynomial equations and be capable of more than one application of this method.  
202  Statisticprobability  Binomial Theorem – Pascal’s Triangle  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will use Pascal’s triangle and the binomial theorem to write the expansion of binomial expressions raised to integer powers.  
203  Statisticprobability  Binomial probabilities using the Binomial Theorem  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve certain types of probability questions using the binomial theorem  
204  Statisticprobability  Counting techniques and ordered selections – permutations  
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be competent in using some new counting techniques used for solving probability.  
205  Statisticprobability  Unordered selections – combinations  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the formula, n c r both with and without a calculator and be able to use it to solve probability problems where unordered selections happen.  
206  Polar coordinates  Plotting polar coordinates and converting polar to rectangular  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the polar coordinate system and relate this to the rectangular coordinate system.  
207  Polar coordinates  Converting rectangular coordinates to polar form  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the polar coordinate system and report these from rectangular coordinates.  
208  Polar coordinates  Write and graph points in polar form with negative vectors (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be using negative angles and negative vector lengths.  
209  Trigonometry  Sin(A+B) etc sum and difference identities (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be using the reference triangles for 30, 45 and 60 degrees with the sum and difference of angles to find additional exact values of trigonometric ratios.  
210  Trigonometry  Double angle formulas (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will derive and use the double angle trig identities.  
211  Trigonometry  Half angle identities (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will derive and use the power reducing formulas and the half angle trig identities.  
212  Trigonometry  t Formulas (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will solve trig equations using the t substitution.  
213  LogarithmsComplex numbers  Imaginary numbers and standard form  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the a+bi form of complex numbers for addition and subtraction.  
214  LogarithmsComplex numbers  Complex numbers – multiplication and division  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the a+bi form of complex numbers for multiplication and division.  
215  LogarithmsComplex numbers  Plotting complex number and graphical representation  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the argand diagram to assist in the addition and subtraction of complex numbers.  
216  LogarithmsComplex numbers  Absolute value  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the absolute value or modulus of complex numbers  
217  LogarithmsComplex numbers  Trigonometric form of a complex number  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will write complex numbers in trigonometric or polar form. This may also be known as modard form.  
218  LogarithmsComplex numbers  Multiplication and division of complex numbers in trig form (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the trig form of complex numbers for multiplication and division.  
219  LogarithmsComplex numbers  DeMoivre’s theorem (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use DeMoivre’s theorem to find powers of complex numbers in trig form.  
220  LogarithmsComplex numbers  The nth root of real and complex numbers (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use DeMoivre’s theorem to find roots of complex numbers in trig form.  
221  LogarithmsComplex numbers  Fundamental theorem of algebra (Stage 2)  
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will recognise and use the fundamental theorem of algebra to find factors for polynomials with real coefficients over the complex number field.  
222  Exam  Exam – Year 13  
Objective: Exam 