# Form 4 Additional Mathematics – Malaysia

### Form 4 – Additional Mathematics Mathematics

# | TOPIC | TITLE | |
---|---|---|---|

1 | Self Assessment | Self Assessment – Form 4 – Additional Mathematics | |

Objective: Assessment | |||

2 | Functions | Definition, domain and range | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to select functions from relations by referring to the domain and range. | |||

3 | Functions | Notation and evaluations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be understand different notations for functions. | |||

4 | Functions | More on domain and range | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe the domain and range using appropriate set notation. | |||

5 | Functions | Domain and range from graphical representations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe the domain and range using appropriate set notation from graphical representations. | |||

6 | Functions | Composition of functions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand composition of functions or a function of a function. | |||

7 | Functions | Inverse functions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find inverse functions, use the notation correctly and the horizontal line test will be used. | |||

8 | Quadratic equations | Introduction to quadratic equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand simple quadratic equations. | |||

9 | Quadratic equations | Quadratic equations with factorisation. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find both roots of a quadratic equation by factorising. | |||

10 | Quadratic equations | Solving quadratic equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have gained more confidence in working with quadratic equations. | |||

11 | Quadratic equations | Solving quadratic equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have gained more confidence in working with quadratic equations. | |||

12 | Quadratic equations | Completing the square | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the process of completing the square. | |||

13 | Quadratic equations | Solving quadratic equations by completing the square | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the reasoning behind completing the square. | |||

14 | Quadratic equations | The quadratic formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with the quadratic formula. | |||

15 | Quadratic equations | The quadratic formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with the quadratic formula. | |||

16 | Graphing-polynomials | Graphing complex polynomials: quadratics with no real roots | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine whether a quadratic has real or complex roots and then graph it. | |||

17 | Functions and graphs | Quadratic polynomials of the form y = ax. + bx + c. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to predict the general shape of a parabola and verify the predictions by sketching the parabola. The student will also be introduced to the discriminant and the axis. | |||

18 | Quadratic equations | Solving simultaneous quadratic equations graphically | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will better understand why quadratic equations have two solutions and will be capable of solving quadratic equations and problems graphically.. | |||

19 | Graphing-polynomials | Graphing complex polynomials: quadratics with no real roots | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine whether a quadratic has real or complex roots and then graph it. | |||

20 | Functions and graphs | Graphing perfect squares: y=(a-x) squared | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to analyse a curve and then check their work by graphing the curve. | |||

21 | Quadratic equations | Solving simultaneous quadratic equations graphically | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will better understand why quadratic equations have two solutions and will be capable of solving quadratic equations and problems graphically.. | |||

22 | Graphing-polynomials | Graphing complex polynomials: quadratics with no real roots | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine whether a quadratic has real or complex roots and then graph it. | |||

23 | Graphing-polynomials | Graphing complex polynomials: quadratics with no real roots | |

24 | Simultaneous equns | Simultaneous equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the substitution method. | |||

25 | Simultaneous equns | Applications of simultaneous equations | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to derive simultaneous equations from a given problem and then solve those simultaneous equations. | |||

26 | Rules for indices/exponents | Adding indices when multiplying terms with the same base | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the index law of addition of powers when multiplying terms with the same base. | |||

27 | Rules for indices/exponents | Subtracting indices when dividing terms with the same base | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the index law of subtraction of powers when dividing terms with the same base. | |||

28 | Rules for indices/exponents | Multiplying indices when raising a power to a power | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the law of multiplication of indices when raising a power to a power. | |||

29 | Rules for indices/exponents | Multiplying indices when raising to more than one term | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the law of multiplication of indices when raising more than one term to the same power. | |||

30 | Rules for indices/exponents | Terms raised to the power of zero | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will learn how to evaluate or simplify terms that are raised to the power of zero. | |||

31 | Rules for indices/exponents | Negative Indices | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to evaluate or simplify expressions containing negative indices. | |||

32 | Fractional indices/exponents | Fractional indices | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to evaluate or simplify expressions containing fractional indices. | |||

33 | Logarithms-Power of 2 | Powers of 2. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should be able to convert between logarithmic statements and index statements to the power of 2. | |||

34 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations of type log x to the base 3 = 4. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the definition of a logarithm and how to use it to find an unknown variable which in this case is the number from which the logarithm evolves. | |||

35 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations of type log 32 to the base x = 5. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the definition of a logarithm and how to use it to find an unknown variable which in this case is the base from which the number came. | |||

36 | Logarithms-Log laws | Laws of logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with 5 logarithm laws. | |||

37 | Logarithms-Log laws expansion | Using the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions. | |||

38 | Logarithms-Log laws simplifying | Using the log laws to simplify expressions involving logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify logarithmic expressions using the log laws. | |||

39 | Logarithms-Log laws numbers | Using the log laws to find the logarithms of numbers. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the use of the log laws and be able to do more applications with numerical examples. | |||

40 | Logarithms-Change base formula | Change of base formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have seen the change of base formula for logarithms and be capable of using it to change the logarithm of one base to another base. | |||

41 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations involving logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve equations with log terms. | |||

42 | Logarithms-Logs to solve equations | Using logarithms to solve equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use logarithms to solve index equations with the assistance of a calculator. | |||

43 | Coordinate Geometry-the plane | Distance formula. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the distance between any two points on the number plane and interpret the results. | |||

44 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Theorems | Internal and external division of an interval | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to divide an interval according to a given ratio and to calculate what point divides an interval in a given ratio for both internal and external divisions. | |||

45 | Area | Finding the area of a triangle and other composite shapes. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate areas of triangles and shapes based on triangles, rectangles and parallelograms using given formulas. | |||

46 | Area | Area of a trapezium. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the area of all types of different shaped trapeziums using a given formula. | |||

47 | Area | Area of a rhombus. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: identify a rhombus, learn how to find the formula for the area of a rhombus, and use it in solving problems. | |||

48 | Area | Area of regular polygons and composite figures. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the area of a number of different shapes by applying the appropriate formula. | |||

49 | Coordinate Geometry-gradient | Gradient | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the gradient of a line given its inclination, or angle to the positive direction of the x-axis; or its rise and run. | |||

50 | Coordinate Geometry-gradient | Gradient formula. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the gradient of a line given any two points on the line and also be capable of checking whether 3 or more points lie on the same line and what an unknown point will make to parallel lines. | |||

51 | Coordinate Geometry-straight line | The straight line. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a line which is parallel to either axis and comment on its gradient, where that gradient exists. | |||

52 | Coordinate Geometry-slope, etc. | Lines through the origin. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a line which passes through the origin of the form y=mx and comment on its gradient compared to the gradients of other lines through the origin and use the information to solve problems. | |||

53 | Coordinate Geometry-equation of line | General form of a line and the x and y Intercepts. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change the equation of a straight line from the form, written as y=mx+c, into the general form and vice versa. | |||

54 | Coordinate Geometry-intercept | Slope intercept form of a line. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the slope and intercept given the equation and given the slope and intercept, derive the equation. | |||

55 | Coordinate Geometry-point slope | Point slope form of a line | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to derive the equation of a straight line given the gradient and a point on the line. | |||

56 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Parallel lines equations | Parallel lines: identify equation of a line parallel to another | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to decide if two or more lines are parallel or not and to solve problems involving parallel lines. | |||

57 | Co-ordinate Geometry-Perpendicular lines | Perpendicular lines. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to derive the equation of a line, given that it is perpendicular to another stated line. | |||

58 | Geometry-locus | Constructions and loci – single condition | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the term locus and describe several using a single condition. | |||

59 | Geometry-locus | Constructions and loci – multiple conditions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will describe a locus that satisfies multiple conditions on a number plane. | |||

60 | Geometry-circles | The equation of a circle: to find radii of circles | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe a circle mathematically given its equation or its graph. Additionally, the student will be able to work out the equation of a circle given its centre and radius. | |||

61 | Statistic-probability | The mode | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find the mode from raw data, a frequency distribution table and polygon. | |||

62 | Statistic-probability | The mean | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate means from raw data and from a frequency table using an fx column. | |||

63 | Statistic-probability | The median | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine the median of a set of raw scores | |||

64 | Statistic-probability | Calculating the median from a frequency distribution | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine the median from a cumulative frequency polygon. | |||

65 | Statistics – grouped data | Calculating mean, mode and median from grouped data | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of identifying class centres, get frequency counts and determine the mean and mode values. | |||

66 | Statistics | The range. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine the range of data in either raw form or in a frequency distribution table. | |||

67 | Statistics – Range and dispersion | Range as a measure of dispersion | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine the range and using it in decision making. | |||

68 | Statistics – Spread | Measures of spread | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the standard deviation, using a data set or a frequency distribution table and calculator. | |||

69 | Statistics – Standard deviation | Standard deviation applications | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use standard deviation as a measure of deviation from a mean. | |||

70 | Statistics – Standard deviation | Normal distribution | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the standard deviation of a normal distribution to find the percentage of scores within ranges. | |||

71 | Statistics – Interquartile range | Measures of spread: the interquartile range | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the upper and lower quartiles and the interquartile range | |||

72 | Area | Area of a circle. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the area of a circle, and also calculate the radius and diameter of a circle. | |||

73 | Calculus | Limits | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve problems using limiting sum rule. | |||

74 | Calculus=1st prin | Differentiation from first principles. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able apply the first principles (calculus) formula to find the gradient of a tangent at any point on a continuous curve. | |||

75 | Calculus=1st prin | Differentiation of y = x to the power of n. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to differentiate a number of expressions involving x raised to the power of n. | |||

76 | Calculus-differential, integ | Meaning of dy over dx – equations of tangents and normals. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to apply differentiation and algebra skills to find the equation of the tangent and the normal to a point on a curve. | |||

77 | Calculus-differential, integ | Function of a function rule, product rule, quotient rule. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will understand how to use the chain rule, the product rule and the quotient rule. | |||

78 | Calculus-differential, integ | Increasing, decreasing and stationary functions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find the first derivative of various functions, and use it in various situations to identify increasing, decreasing and stationary functions. | |||

79 | Calculus | First Derivative – turning points and curve sketching | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first derivative to find and identify the nature of stationary points on a curve. | |||

80 | Calculus – Maxima minima | Practical applications of maxima and minima | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to apply calculus to a suite of simple maxima or minima problems. | |||

81 | Calculus | Limits | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve problems using limiting sum rule. | |||

82 | Calculus=1st prin | Differentiation from first principles. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able apply the first principles (calculus) formula to find the gradient of a tangent at any point on a continuous curve. | |||

83 | Calculus=1st prin | Differentiation of y = x to the power of n. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to differentiate a number of expressions involving x raised to the power of n. | |||

84 | Calculus-differential, integ | Meaning of dy over dx – equations of tangents and normals. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to apply differentiation and algebra skills to find the equation of the tangent and the normal to a point on a curve. | |||

85 | Calculus-differential, integ | Function of a function rule, product rule, quotient rule. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will understand how to use the chain rule, the product rule and the quotient rule. | |||

86 | Calculus-differential, integ | Increasing, decreasing and stationary functions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find the first derivative of various functions, and use it in various situations to identify increasing, decreasing and stationary functions. | |||

87 | Calculus | First Derivative – turning points and curve sketching | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first derivative to find and identify the nature of stationary points on a curve. | |||

88 | Calculus-2nd derivative | The second derivative – concavity. | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to find a second derivative, and use it to find the domain over which a curve is concave up or concave down, as well as any points of inflexion. | |||

89 | Calculus – Curve sketching | Curve sketching | |

Objective: On completion of the Calculus lesson the student will be able to use the first and second derivatives to find turning points of a curve, identify maxima and minima, and concavity, then use this information to sketch a curve. | |||

90 | Calculus – Maxima minima | Practical applications of maxima and minima | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to apply calculus to a suite of simple maxima or minima problems. | |||

91 | Trigonometry-sine rule | The sine rule to find an unknown angle. Case 2. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the sine rule to find an unknown angle when given 2 sides and a non-included angle. | |||

92 | Trigonometry-cosine rule | The cosine rule to find an unknown side. [Case 1 SAS]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the cosine rule to find the length of an unknown side of a triangle knowing 2 sides and the included angle. | |||

93 | Trigonometry-cosine rule | The cosine rule to find an unknown angle. [Case 2 SSS]. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the size of an unknown angle of a triangle using the cosine rule given the lengths of the 3 sides. | |||

94 | Trigonometry-areas | The area formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the sine formula for finding the area of a triangle given 2 sides and the included angle. | |||

95 | Exam | Exam – Form 4 – Additional Mathematics | |

Objective: Exam |