# Topic 1 – Algebra Mathematics – International Baccalaureate

### Topic 1 – Algebra Mathematics

# | TOPIC | TITLE | |
---|---|---|---|

1 | Study Plan | Study plan – Topic 1 – Algebra | |

Objective: On completion of the course formative assessment a tailored study plan is created identifying the lessons requiring revision. | |||

2 | Sequences and Series | General sequences. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to work out a formula from a given number pattern and then be able to find particular terms of that sequence using the formula. | |||

3 | Sequences and Series | Finding Tn given Sn. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the concept that the sum of n terms of a series minus the sum of n minus one terms will yield the nth term. | |||

4 | Arithmetic Progression | The arithmetic progression | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to test if a given sequence is an Arithmetic Progression or not and be capable of finding a formula for the nth term, find any term in the A.P. and to solve problems involving these concepts. | |||

5 | Arithmetic Progression | Finding the position of a term in an A.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve many problems involving finding terms of an Arithmetic Progression. | |||

6 | Arithmetic Progression | Given two terms of A.P., find the sequence. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find any term of an Arithmetic Progression when given two terms | |||

7 | Arithmetic Progression | Arithmetic means | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to make an arithmetic progression between two given terms. This could involve finding one, two, or even larger number of arithmetic means. | |||

8 | Arithmetic Progression | The sum to n terms of an A.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas for the sum of an Arithmetic Progression and how to use them in solving problems. | |||

9 | Geometric Progression | The geometric progression. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to test if a given sequence is a Geometric Progression or not and be capable of finding a formula for the nth term, find any term in the G.P. and to solve problems involving these concepts. | |||

10 | Geometric Progression | Finding the position of a term in a G.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to find terms in a geometric progression and how to apply it different types of problems. | |||

11 | Geometric Progression | Given two terms of G.P., find the sequence. | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to solve all problems involving finding the common ratio of a Geometric Progression. | |||

12 | Sequences and Series-Geometric means | Geometric means. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to make a geometric progression between two given terms. This could involve finding one, two, or even larger number of geometric means. | |||

13 | Sequences and Series-Sum of gp | The sum to n terms of a G.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas and how to use them to solve problems in summing terms of a Geometric Progression (G.P). | |||

14 | Sequences and Series-Sigma notation | Sigma notation | |

Objective: On completion of the G.P. lesson the student will be familiar with the sigma notation and how it operates. | |||

15 | Sequences and Series-Sum-infinity | Limiting sum or sum to infinity. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have learnt the formula for the limiting sum of a G.P., the conditions for it to exist and how to apply it to particular problems. | |||

16 | Sequences and Series-Recurring decimal infinity | Recurring decimals and the infinite G.P. | |

Objective: On completion of the G.P. lesson the student will have understood how to convert any recurring decimal to a rational number. | |||

17 | Sequences and Series-Compound interest | Compound interest | |

Objective: On completion of the G.P. lesson the student will understand the compound interest formula and how to use it and adjust the values of r and n, if required, for different compounding periods. | |||

18 | Sequences and Series-Superannuation | Superannuation. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the method of finding the accumulated amount of a superannuation investment using the sum formula for a G.P. | |||

19 | Sequences and Series-Time payments | Time payments. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have examined examples carefully and be capable of setting out the long method of calculating a regular payment for a reducible interest loan. | |||

20 | Sequences and Series | Applications of arithmetic sequences | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of problems involving practical situations with arithmetic series. | |||

21 | Logarithms-Power of 2 | Powers of 2. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student should be able to convert between logarithmic statements and index statements to the power of 2. | |||

22 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations of type log x to the base 3 = 4. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the definition of a logarithm and how to use it to find an unknown variable which in this case is the number from which the logarithm evolves. | |||

23 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations of type log 32 to the base x = 5. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the definition of a logarithm and how to use it to find an unknown variable which in this case is the base from which the number came. | |||

24 | Logarithms-Log laws | Laws of logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with 5 logarithm laws. | |||

25 | Logarithms-Log laws expansion | Using the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the log laws to expand logarithmic expressions. | |||

26 | Logarithms-Log laws simplifying | Using the log laws to simplify expressions involving logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify logarithmic expressions using the log laws. | |||

27 | Logarithms-Log laws numbers | Using the log laws to find the logarithms of numbers. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an enhanced understanding of the use of the log laws and be able to do more applications with numerical examples. | |||

28 | Logarithms-Equations and logs | Equations involving logarithms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve equations with log terms. | |||

29 | Logarithms-Logs to solve equations | Using logarithms to solve equations. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use logarithms to solve index equations with the assistance of a calculator. | |||

30 | Logarithms-Change base formula | Change of base formula | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have seen the change of base formula for logarithms and be capable of using it to change the logarithm of one base to another base. | |||

31 | Statistic-probability | Binomial Theorem – Pascal’s Triangle | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will use Pascal’s triangle and the binomial theorem to write the expansion of binomial expressions raised to integer powers. | |||

32 | Statistic-probability | Binomial probabilities using the Binomial Theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve certain types of probability questions using the binomial theorem | |||

33 | Statistic-probability | Counting techniques and ordered selections – permutations | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be competent in using some new counting techniques used for solving probability. | |||

34 | Statistic-probability | Unordered selections – combinations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the formula, n c r both with and without a calculator and be able to use it to solve probability problems where unordered selections happen. | |||

35 | Logic | Inductive and deductive reasoning | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will understand and use the terms hypothesis, conclusion, inductive and deductive. | |||

36 | Logic | Definition and use of counter examples | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to create counter examples to statements. | |||

37 | Logic | Indirect proofs | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use indirect proofs by assuming the opposite of the statement being proved. | |||

38 | Logic | Mathematical induction | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to perform the process of mathematical induction for simple series. | |||

39 | Logic | Conditional statements (converse, inverse and contrapositive) (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to form related conditional statements. | |||

40 | Surds | Introducing surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify and know the properties of surds as irrational numbers and be able to distinguish them from rational numbers. | |||

41 | Surds | Some rules for the operations with surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the rules for division and multiplication of surds. | |||

42 | Surds | Simplifying surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the rules for simplifying surds using division and multiplication. | |||

43 | Surds | Creating entire surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to write numbers as entire surds and compare numbers by writing as entire surds | |||

44 | Surds | Adding and subtracting like surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add and subtract surds and simplify expressions by collecting like surds. | |||

45 | Surds | Expanding surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and then simplify binomial expressions involving surds. | |||

46 | Surds | Binomial expansions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and simplify the squares of binomial sums and differences involving surds. | |||

47 | Surds | Conjugate binomials with surds | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and simplify conjugate binomial expressions involving surds. | |||

48 | Surds | Rationalising the denominator | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to rationalise denominators of fractions where the denominator involves surds. | |||

49 | Surds | Rationalising binomial denominators | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to rationalise denominators of fractions where the denominator involves binomial expressions. | |||

50 | Simultaneous equns | Simultaneous equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the substitution method. | |||

51 | Simultaneous equns | Elimination method | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the elimination method. | |||

52 | Simultaneous equns | Elimination method part 2 | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve all types of simultaneous equations with 2 unknown variables by the elimination method. | |||

53 | Simultaneous equns | Applications of simultaneous equations | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to derive simultaneous equations from a given problem and then solve those simultaneous equations. | |||

54 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | Imaginary numbers and standard form | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the a+bi form of complex numbers for addition and subtraction. | |||

55 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | Complex numbers – multiplication and division | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the a+bi form of complex numbers for multiplication and division. | |||

56 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | Plotting complex number and graphical representation | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the argand diagram to assist in the addition and subtraction of complex numbers. | |||

57 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | Absolute value | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the absolute value or modulus of complex numbers | |||

58 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | Trigonometric form of a complex number | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will write complex numbers in trigonometric or polar form. This may also be known as mod-ard form. | |||

59 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | Multiplication and division of complex numbers in trig form (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the trig form of complex numbers for multiplication and division. | |||

60 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | DeMoivre’s theorem (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use DeMoivre’s theorem to find powers of complex numbers in trig form. | |||

61 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | The nth root of real and complex numbers (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use DeMoivre’s theorem to find roots of complex numbers in trig form. | |||

62 | Logarithms-Complex numbers | Fundamental theorem of algebra (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will recognise and use the fundamental theorem of algebra to find factors for polynomials with real coefficients over the complex number field. | |||

63 | Algebra-polynomials | Introduction to polynomials | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand all the terminology associated with polynomials and be able to judge if any algebraic expression is a polynomial or not. | |||

64 | Algebra-polynomials | The sum, difference and product of two polynomials. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add subtract and multiply polynomials and find the degrees of the answers. | |||

65 | Algebra-polynomials | Polynomials and long division. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the long division process with polynomials. | |||

66 | Remainder theorem | The remainder theorem. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how the remainder theorem works and how it can be applied. | |||

67 | Remainder theorem | More on remainder theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the remainder theorem and how it can be applied to solve some interesting questions on finding unknown coefficients of polynomials. | |||

68 | Factor theorem | The factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the factor theorem and determine if a term in the form of x minus a is a factor of a given polynomial. | |||

69 | Factor theorem | More on the factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will fully understand the factor theorem and how it can be applied to solve some questions on finding unknown coefficients of polynomials. | |||

70 | Factor theorem | Complete factorisations using the factor theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to factorise polynomials of a higher degree than 2 and to find their zeros. | |||

71 | Polynomial equations | Polynomial equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of solving polynomial equations given in different forms. | |||

72 | Graphs, polynomials | Graphs of polynomials | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to graph polynomials using the zeros of polynomials, the y intercepts and the direction of the curves. | |||

73 | Roots quad equations | Sum and product of roots of quadratic equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the formulas for the sum and product of roots of quadratic polynomials and how to use them. The student will understand how to form a quadratic equation given its roots. | |||

74 | Roots quad equations | Sum and product of roots of cubic and quartic equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to do problems on the sum and products of roots of cubic and quartic equations. | |||

75 | Approx roots | Methods of approximating roots | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of finding approximate roots of polynomial equations using half the interval method. The student will be able to make a number of applications of this rule within the one question. | |||

76 | Newton’s approx | Newton’s method of approximation | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use Newton’s method in finding approximate roots of polynomial equations and be capable of more than one application of this method. | |||

77 | Exam | Exam – Topic 1 – Algebra | |

Objective: Exam |