# Year 7 Mathematics – Victoria

### VIC Year 7 Mathematics

# | TOPIC | TITLE | |
---|---|---|---|

1 | Study Plan | Study plan – Year 7 | |

Objective: On completion of the course formative assessment a tailored study plan is created identifying the lessons requiring revision. | |||

2 | Multiplication | Multiples and factors of whole numbers | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to specify multiples and factors of whole numbers, and calculate the product of squared numbers. | |||

3 | Percentages | Introduction to percentages, including relating common fractions to percentages | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to recognise that the symbol % means ‘per cent’ and relate common fractions to a percentage. | |||

4 | Percentages | Changing fractions and decimals to percentages using tenths and hundredths | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change simple fractions to percentages and decimals to percentages by using place value conversion. | |||

5 | Percentages | Changing percentages to fractions and decimals | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change percentages to fractions and know how to change percentages to decimals. | |||

6 | Percentages | One quantity as a percentage of another | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find a percentage of an amount and how to express one quantity as a percentage of another. | |||

7 | Algebraic expressions | Algebraic expressions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand some of the short cuts used in writing algebraic expressions, and the student will be able to write algebraic expressions down in a way that is easier to understand. | |||

8 | Algebraic expressions | Substitution into algebraic expressions. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to replace pronumerals with numbers, and then perform the correct operations. | |||

9 | Algebraic expressions | Directed numbers: addition and subtraction. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add and subtract positive and negative numbers in any combination, and understand adding and subtracting positive and negative pronumerals. | |||

10 | Algebraic expressions | Directed numbers: multiplication and division. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand which combinations of signs produce a positive answer and which ones produce a negative answer. | |||

11 | Algebraic expressions | Simplifying algebraic expressions: adding like terms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify and evaluate numerical expressions containing patterns, and be able to simplify algebraic expressions that contain like terms. | |||

12 | Algebraic expressions | Simplifying algebraic Expressions: subtracting like terms. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to recognise the difference between like and unlike terms, and be able to simplify an expression using subtraction. | |||

13 | Algebraic expressions | Simplifying Algebraic expressions: combining addition and subtraction. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to approach algebraic expressions questions and avoid the most common mistakes. | |||

14 | Rules for indices/exponents | Adding indices when multiplying terms with the same base | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the index law of addition of powers when multiplying terms with the same base. | |||

15 | Rules for indices/exponents | Subtracting indices when dividing terms with the same base | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the index law of subtraction of powers when dividing terms with the same base. | |||

16 | Rules for indices/exponents | Multiplying indices when raising a power to a power | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the law of multiplication of indices when raising a power to a power. | |||

17 | Rules for indices/exponents | Multiplying indices when raising to more than one term | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the law of multiplication of indices when raising more than one term to the same power. | |||

18 | Fractions | Fractions 1/5, 1/10, 1/100 | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: compare fractions with the denominators 5, 10, 100, and represent fractions with the denominator 5, 10, 100. | |||

19 | Fractions | Finding equivalent fractions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to name and find fractions that represent equal amounts between halves, quarters and eighths – using diagrams and number lines. | |||

20 | Fractions | Multiplying and dividing to obtain equivalent fractions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: obtain equivalent fractions using a number line or diagram, develop mental strategies to obtain equivalent fractions, and reduce a fraction to its lowest equivalent form. | |||

21 | Fractions | Reducing fractions to lowest equivalent form | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to reduce a fraction to its lowest equivalent form by dividing the numerator and denominator by a common factor. | |||

22 | Fractions | Comparing and ordering fractions greater than (>) 1 | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use diagrams, number lines and equivalent fractions to compare and order fractions greater than (>) one. | |||

23 | Fractions | Subtracting fractions from whole numbers | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: use a diagram to subtract fractions from a whole number, develop mental strategies for subtracting fractions from whole numbers, and recognise and use the written form for subtracting fractions from | |||

24 | Fractions | Adding and subtracting fractions with the same denominator | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add and subtract fractions with the same denominator. | |||

25 | Fractions | Adding and subtracting fractions with different denominators | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add and subtract fractions where one denominator is a multiple of the other. | |||

26 | Fractions | Multiplying fractions by whole numbers | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to multiply simple fractions by whole numbers. | |||

27 | Fractions | Fractions of whole numbers | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate unit fractions of a collection. | |||

28 | Fractions | Multiplying fractions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to multiply fractions and reduce the answer to its lowest form. | |||

29 | Fractions | Multiplying mixed numbers (mixed numerals) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to multiply mixed numbers (mixed numerals) and reduce the answer to its lowest form. | |||

30 | Fractions | Finding reciprocals of fractions and mixed numbers (mixed numerals) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the reciprocals of fractions and mixed numbers (mixed numerals). | |||

31 | Fractions | Dividing fractions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to divide fractions. | |||

32 | Fractions | Dividing mixed numbers (mixed numerals) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to divide mixed numbers (mixed numerals). | |||

33 | Rules properties | Using Order of Operation procedures (BIDMAS) with Fractions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to apply the order of operations rules to simplify expressions with integers and fractions. | |||

34 | Percentages | Calculating Percentages and Fractions of Quantities | |

Objective: To find percentages and fractions of quantities and solve problems with percentages | |||

35 | 2-D shapes | Using the prefix to determine polygons | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to recognise and name two-dimensional shapes such as pentagons and hexagons, using the prefix of the shapes name to determine number of angles and sides. | |||

36 | 2-D shapes | Spatial properties of quadrilaterals | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to analyse and explain the spatial properties of quadrilaterals. | |||

37 | Tessellating 2-D shapes | Use grids to enlarge/reduce 2D shapes | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use grids to enlarge or reduce two dimensional shapes and also to recognise shapes that will and won’t tessellate. | |||

38 | 3-D shapes | Recognise nets for prisms, pyramids, cubes and cones | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to predict and recognise nets for prisms, pyramids, cubes and cones. | |||

39 | Translations | Transformations – reflections | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to take a pre-image and using the appropriate techniques, accurately show its image after reflection. | |||

40 | Geometric transformations | Geometry transformations without matrices: reflection (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will use and understand the language used in geometric transformations and perform reflections in a number plane. | |||

41 | Geometric transformations | Geometry transformations without matrices: translation (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will perform translations in a number plane. | |||

42 | Geometric transformations | Geometry transformations without matrices: rotation (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will perform and construct rotations. | |||

43 | Geometric transformations | Geometry transformations without matrices: dilation or enlargement (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will perform the non-congruent transformation of dilation or emlargement and calculate scale factor. | |||

44 | Geometric transformations | The definition and concept of combined transformations resulting in an equivalent single transformation. | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will combine reflections and glide transformations to produce single isometric transformations. | |||

45 | Geometry-constructions | Geometric constructions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able complete constructions with a ruler and a pair of compasses. | |||

46 | Geometry | To identify collinear points, coplanar lines and points in 2 and 3 dimensions | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use correct terms to describe points, lines, intervals and rays. | |||

47 | Geometry – angles | To determine angle labelling rules, naming angles according to size, angle bisector properties and related algebra | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will label angles, use a protractor and perform calculations using algebra involving angles. | |||

48 | Geometry-constructions | Angle bisector construction and its properties (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to bisect an angle using a pair of compasses and a straight edge. | |||

49 | Geometry-constructions | Circumcentre and incentre (Stage 2) | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able geometrically construct the circumcentre and incentre for a triangle and to use Pythagoras’ Theorem to calculate values. | |||

50 | Geometry-quadrilaterals | Classifying Quadrilaterals | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will understand the properties that classify quadrilaterals. | |||

51 | Geometry-quadrilaterals | Using the Properties of a Parallelogram | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to use and prove the properties of a parallelogram. | |||

52 | Geometry-quadrilaterals | Proving a Shape is a Parallelogram | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to use properties to prove a given quadrilateral is a parallelogram. | |||

53 | Geometry-quadrilaterals | Properties of the Rectangle, Square and Rhombus | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson students will be able to use the properties of the rectangle, square and rhombus for formal proofs and to find values. | |||

54 | Geometry-quadrilaterals | Properties of the Trapezium and Kite | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson students will be able to use the properties of the trapezium and kite for formal proofs and to find values. | |||

55 | Coordinate Geometry-gradient | Gradient | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the gradient of a line given its inclination, or angle to the positive direction of the x-axis; or its rise and run. | |||

56 | Coordinate Geometry-gradient | Gradient formula. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the gradient of a line given any two points on the line and also be capable of checking whether 3 or more points lie on the same line and what an unknown point will make to parallel lines. | |||

57 | Coordinate Geometry-straight line | The straight line. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a line which is parallel to either axis and comment on its gradient, where that gradient exists. | |||

58 | Coordinate Geometry-slope, etc. | Lines through the origin. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a line which passes through the origin of the form y=mx and comment on its gradient compared to the gradients of other lines through the origin and use the information to solve problems. | |||

59 | Area | Introducing the rules for finding the area of a rectangle and a parallelogram. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to investigate areas of rectangles and parallelograms using a given formula of multiplying measurements of sides. | |||

60 | Area | Finding the area of a triangle and other composite shapes. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate areas of triangles and shapes based on triangles, rectangles and parallelograms using given formulas. | |||

61 | Area | Larger areas: square metre, hectare, square kilometre. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate larger areas using the correct square unit. | |||

62 | Geometry-polygons | Angles of regular polygons | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify and use the angle sum of a polygon formula, and understand that the external angles of a polygon add up to 360 degrees. | |||

63 | Decimals | Using decimals – shopping problems | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: read and interpret problems involving money, interpret the everyday use of decimals, and perform calculations with money. | |||

64 | Decimals | Using decimals to record length | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to interpret the everyday use of fractions and decimals and use their knowledge of decimals to record measurements. | |||

65 | Decimals | Rounding decimals | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to round a number with one or two decimal places to the nearest whole number. | |||

66 | Decimals | Decimals to three decimal places | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to express thousandths as a decimal and interpret decimal notation for thousandths. | |||

67 | Functions | Definition, domain and range | |

Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to select functions from relations by referring to the domain and range. | |||

68 | Angles | Measure and classify angles | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to recognise, measure and classify angles and measure the angles in a triangle. | |||

69 | 2-D shapes | Recognise and name triangles | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to recognise and correctly name triangles according to their properties. | |||

70 | Number theory – sets | Number sets and their members | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the notation used with sets and the subsets of the real number system. | |||

71 | Number theory – operations | Properties of real numbers using addition and multiplication | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know and use the closure, identity, commutative, associative, identity and distributive properties for addition and multiplication. | |||

72 | Number theory – equations | Transformations that produce equivalent equations | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know and use the correct terms to describe the processes in solving equations. | |||

73 | Geometry-angles | Measuring angles | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to measure any angle between 0 and 360 degrees using a protractor, and identify what type of angle it is. | |||

74 | Geometry-angles | Adjacent angles | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to understand the parts of an angle, what adjacent angles are and how they are used to solve simple angle problems. | |||

75 | Geometry-angles | Complementary and supplementary angles | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to identify Complementary and Supplementary Angles and use this knowledge to solve simple geometric angle problems. | |||

76 | Geometry-angles | Vertically opposite angles | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to identify Vertically Opposite Angles and use this knowledge to solve simple geometric angle problems. | |||

77 | Geometry-angles | Angles at a Point. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to identify Angles at a Point and use this knowledge and other angles concepts to solve simple geometric angle problems. | |||

78 | Geometry-angles | Parallel Lines. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to identify corresponding, co-interior and alternate angles. | |||

79 | Geometry-problems | Additional questions involving parallel lines | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to complete two step parallel line questions, and identify other ways to solve them. | |||

80 | Geometry-triangles | Angle sum of a triangle | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to identify and use the angle sum of a triangle theorem to solve geometric problems. | |||

81 | Geometry-triangles | Exterior angle theorem | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to identify and use the exterior angle of a triangle theorem to solve geometric questions. | |||

82 | Special triangles | Special triangles | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to identify an equilateral and an isosceles triangle and solve geometry questions involving these triangles. | |||

83 | Geometry-quadrilaterals | Quadrilaterals | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will able to find missing angles by using the fact that a quadrilateral’s angle sum is 360 degrees. | |||

84 | Area | Area of a trapezium. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the area of all types of different shaped trapeziums using a given formula. | |||

85 | Area | Area of a rhombus. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: identify a rhombus, learn how to find the formula for the area of a rhombus, and use it in solving problems. | |||

86 | Area | Area of a circle. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the area of a circle, and also calculate the radius and diameter of a circle. | |||

87 | Area | Area of regular polygons and composite figures. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the area of a number of different shapes by applying the appropriate formula. | |||

88 | Volume | Solving Problems about Volume – Part 1. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to apply strategies to solve problems using rectangular prisms. | |||

89 | Volume | Solving Problems about Volume – Part 2. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to apply strategies to solve problems using rectangular prisms and larger unit. | |||

90 | Capacity | Converting between volume and capacity using millilitres and litres | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to convert between units of capacity. | |||

91 | Volume | Finding the volume of prisms | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: use formulae to find the volume of prisms, calculate the volume of a variety of prisms, and explain the relationship between units of length and units of volume. | |||

92 | Volume | Volume of a cylinder and sphere. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: calculate the volume of cylinders, spheres and hemispheres using the appropriate formulae, and use the relationship between litres and other measures of volume. | |||

93 | Volume | Volume of pyramids and cones. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: use formulae to find the volume of right pyramids and cones, and calculate the volume of a variety of pyramids and cones. | |||

94 | Volume | Composite solids. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: dissect composite solids into simpler shapes so that the volume can be calculated, calculate the volume of a variety of composite solids, and use formulae appropriately. | |||

95 | Capacity | The relationship between the common units of capacity, the litre and the millilitre | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the relationship between the two common units of capacity, the litre and millilitre. | |||

96 | Capacity | Converting between volume and capacity using kilolitres and litres | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know the formal units of measurement for volume and capacity for bigger objects. The student will also be able to use the knowledge of volume to work out capacity. | |||

97 | Area | Problems with area. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve problems with area. | |||

98 | Volume/capacity | Problems with volume/capacity. | |

Objective: Problem Solving: problems involving volume/capacity | |||

99 | Surface area | Surface area of a cube/rectangular prism. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the surface area of a number of different shapes by applying the appropriate formula. | |||

100 | Surface area | Surface area of a triangular/trapezoidal prism. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the surface area of a number of triangular and trapezoidal shapes by applying the appropriate formula. | |||

101 | Surface area | Surface area of a cylinder and sphere. | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the surface area of different cylindrical and spherical shapes by applying the appropriate formula. | |||

102 | Surface area | Surface area of pyramids | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the surface areas of pyramids. | |||

103 | Surface area | Surface area of cones | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the surface areas of cones by finding the area or the base ‘p r . ‘and the area of the curved surface ‘ p r l’. The student will also be able to find the slant height ‘l’ given the perpendicul | |||

104 | Surface area | Surface area of composite solids | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the surface areas of Composite solids. | |||

105 | Statistics | Stem and Leaf Plots along with Box and Whisker Plots | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with vocabulary for statistics including quartiles, mode, median, range and the representation of this information on a Box and Whisker Plot. | |||

106 | Statistics | Scatter Diagrams | |

Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to construct scatter plots and draw conclusions from these. | |||

107 | Exam | Exam – Year 7 – Level 5 | |

Objective: Exam |