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# TOPIC TITLE
1 Study Plan Study plan – Grade 10
Objective: On completion of the course formative assessment a tailored study plan is created identifying the lessons requiring revision.
2 Rules for indices/exponents Adding indices when multiplying terms with the same base
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the index law of addition of powers when multiplying terms with the same base.
3 Rules for indices/exponents Subtracting indices when dividing terms with the same base
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the index law of subtraction of powers when dividing terms with the same base.
4 Rules for indices/exponents Multiplying indices when raising a power to a power
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will use the law of multiplication of indices when raising a power to a power.
5 Rules for indices/exponents Multiplying indices when raising to more than one term
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the law of multiplication of indices when raising more than one term to the same power.
6 Rules for indices/exponents Terms raised to the power of zero
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will learn how to evaluate or simplify terms that are raised to the power of zero.
7 Rules for indices/exponents Negative Indices
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to evaluate or simplify expressions containing negative indices.
8 Fractional indices/exponents Fractional indices
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to evaluate or simplify expressions containing fractional indices.
9 Fractional indices/exponents Complex fractions as indices
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to evaluate or simplify expressions containing complex fractional indices.
10 Algebra-factorising Simplifying easy algebraic fractions.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to simplify algebraic fractions by factorising.
11 Algebraic fractions Simplifying algebraic fractions using the index laws.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to simplify most algebraic fractions using different methodologies.
12 Algebra-negative indices Algebraic fractions resulting in negative indices.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to understand how to simplify an algebraic fractional expression with a negative index, and also how to write such an expression without a negative index.
13 Scientific notation Scientific notation with larger numbers
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change numbers greater than 1 to scientific notation.
14 Scientific notation Scientific notation with small numbers
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change numbers between zero and 1 to scientific notation.
15 Scientific notation Changing scientific notation to numerals
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change numbers written in scientific notation to basic numerals and be capable of solving problems on the calculator in scientific notation.
16 Significant figures Significant figures
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to observe how many significant figures are in a number and how to express a number to a certain level of significant figures.
17 Surface area Surface area of a triangular/trapezoidal prism.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the surface area of a number of triangular and trapezoidal shapes by applying the appropriate formula.
18 Surface area Surface area of a cylinder and sphere.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able calculate the surface area of different cylindrical and spherical shapes by applying the appropriate formula.
19 Surface area Surface area of pyramids
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the surface areas of pyramids.
20 Surface area Surface area of cones
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the surface areas of cones by finding the area or the base ‘p r . ‘and the area of the curved surface ‘ p r l’. The student will also be able to find the slant height ‘l’ given the perpendicul
21 Volume Finding the volume of prisms
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: use formulae to find the volume of prisms, calculate the volume of a variety of prisms, and explain the relationship between units of length and units of volume.
22 Volume Volume of a cylinder and sphere.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: calculate the volume of cylinders, spheres and hemispheres using the appropriate formulae, and use the relationship between litres and other measures of volume.
23 Volume Volume of pyramids and cones.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: use formulae to find the volume of right pyramids and cones, and calculate the volume of a variety of pyramids and cones.
24 Volume Composite solids.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to: dissect composite solids into simpler shapes so that the volume can be calculated, calculate the volume of a variety of composite solids, and use formulae appropriately.
25 Trigonometry-ratios Trigonometric ratios.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify the hypotenuse, adjacent and opposite sides for a given angle in a right angle triangle. The student will be able to label the side lengths in relation to a given angle e.g. the side c is op
26 Trigonometry-ratios Using the calculator.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the calculator to find values for the sine, cosine and tangent ratios of acute angles.
27 Trigonometry-ratios Using the trigonometric ratios to find unknown length. [Case 1 Sine].
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the sine ratio to calculate lengths and distances.
28 Trigonometry-ratios Using the trigonometric ratios to find unknown length. [Case 2 Cosine].
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the cosine ratio to find the length of the adjacent side of a right angle triangle.
29 Trigonometry-ratios Using the trigonometric ratios to find unknown length. [Case 3 Tangent Ratio].
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the tangent ratio to calculate the length of the opposite side in a right angle triangle.
30 Trigonometry-ratios Unknown in the denominator. [Case 4].
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to use the trig ratios to calculate lengths and distances when the denominator is unknown.
31 Trigonometry-compass Bearings – the compass.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify compass bearings, compass bearings with acute angles and 3 figure bearings from true north.
32 Trigonometry-elevation Angles of elevation and depression.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify angles of depression and angles of elevation, and the relationship between them.
33 Trigonometry-practical Trigonometric ratios in practical situations.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use trigonometric ratios to solve problems involving compass bearings and angles of depression and elevation.
34 Trigonometry-ratios Using the calculator to find an angle given a trigonometric ratio.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of using a calculator to find the value of an unknown angle when given a trigonometric ratio.
35 Trigonometry- ratios Using the trigonometric ratios to find an angle in a right-angled triangle.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the value of an unknown angle in a right angle triangle given the lengths of 2 of the sides.
36 Statistic-probability The mean
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate means from raw data and from a frequency table using an fx column.
37 Statistic-probability Cumulative frequency
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to construct cumulative frequency columns, histograms and polygons.
38 Statistic-probability Calculating the median from a frequency distribution
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine the median from a cumulative frequency polygon.
39 Statistics Stem and Leaf Plots along with Box and Whisker Plots
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with vocabulary for statistics including quartiles, mode, median, range and the representation of this information on a Box and Whisker Plot.
40 Statistics Scatter Diagrams
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to construct scatter plots and draw conclusions from these.
41 Statistics – grouped data Calculating mean, mode and median from grouped data
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of identifying class centres, get frequency counts and determine the mean and mode values.
42 Statistics – Range and dispersion Range as a measure of dispersion
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to determine the range and using it in decision making.
43 Statistics – Interquartile range Measures of spread: the interquartile range
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the upper and lower quartiles and the interquartile range
44 Statistic-probability Probability of Simple Events
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to understand the probability of simple events.
45 Statistic-probability Rolling a pair of dice
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of ascertaining the probability of certain results when 2 dice are thrown simultaneously.
46 Statistic-probability Experimental probability
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to find the probabilities in an experimental trial.
47 Statistic-probability Tree diagrams – not depending on previous outcomes
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be confident in drawing tree diagrams to list outcomes of a multi stage probability problem and then finding probabilities of certain events not depending on previous outcomes.
48 Statistic-probability Tree diagrams – depending on previous outcomes
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be confident in drawing tree diagrams to list outcomes of other multi stage probability problems and then finding probabilities of certain events depending on previous outcomes.
49 Statistic-probability The complementary result ..
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of ascertaining the probability of certain results where the complementary event is involved.
50 Statistic-probability P[A or B] When A and B are both mutually and NOT mutually exclusive
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to distinguish between mutually exclusive and non mutually exclusive events and be able to find the probabilities of both.
51 Difference of 2 squares Difference of two squares
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student understand the difference of two squares and be capable of recognising the factors.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the factorisation of quadratic trinomial equations with all terms positive.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will accurately identify the process if the middle term of a quadratic trinomial is negative.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have an increased knowledge on factorising quadratic trinomials and will understand where the 2nd term is positive and the 3rd term is negative.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to factorise all of the possible types of monic quadratic trinomials and specifcally where the 2nd term and 3rd terms are negative.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be capable of factorising any quadratic trinomial.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student know two methods for factorisation of quadratic trinomials including the cross method.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand simple quadratic equations.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find both roots of a quadratic equation by factorising.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will have gained more confidence in working with quadratic equations.
61 Quadratic equations Completing the square
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the process of completing the square.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand the reasoning behind completing the square.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be familiar with the quadratic formula.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to express a problem as a quadratic equation and then solve it.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will better understand why quadratic equations have two solutions and will be capable of solving quadratic equations and problems graphically..
66 Functions and graphs Quadratic polynomials of the form y = ax. + bx + c.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to predict the general shape of a parabola and verify the predictions by sketching the parabola. The student will also be introduced to the discriminant and the axis.
67 Functions and graphs Graphing perfect squares: y=(a-x) squared
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to analyse a curve and then check their work by graphing the curve.
68 Graphing roots Graphing irrational roots
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve any polynomial which has real roots, whether they are rational or irrational.
69 Exponential function The exponential function.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to graph any equation in the form y equals a to the power x, where a is any positive real number apart from 1.
70 Rect.hyperbola The rectangular hyperbola.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to analyse and graph a rectangular hyperbola and describe its important features.
71 Graphing-cubic curves Graphing cubic curves
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to graph a cubic given its equation or derive the equation of a cubic given its graph or other relevant information.
72 Pythagoras Find the hypotenuse
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to use Pythagoras’ Theorem to calculate the length of the hypotenuse.
73 Pythagoras Pythagorean triples
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to use the 3-4-5 Pythagorean triple.
74 Pythagoras Find the hypotenuse Part 2
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to use Pythagoras’ Theorem to calculate the length of the hypotenuse using decimals and surds.
75 Pythagoras Calculating a leg of a right-angled triangle
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to use Pythagoras’ Theorem to calculate the length of one of the shorter sides of a right triangle.
76 Pythagoras Proofs of Pythagoras theorem
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will have geometric proofs for Pythagoras’ Theorem
77 Surds Introducing surds
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify and know the properties of surds as irrational numbers and be able to distinguish them from rational numbers.
78 Surds Some rules for the operations with surds
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the rules for division and multiplication of surds.
79 Surds Simplifying surds
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will know how to use the rules for simplifying surds using division and multiplication.
80 Surds Creating entire surds
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to write numbers as entire surds and compare numbers by writing as entire surds
81 Surds Adding and subtracting like surds
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to add and subtract surds and simplify expressions by collecting like surds.
82 Surds Expanding surds
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and then simplify binomial expressions involving surds.
83 Surds Binomial expansions
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to expand and simplify the squares of binomial sums and differences involving surds.
84 Simultaneous equns Simultaneous equations
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the substitution method.
85 Simultaneous equns Elimination method
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve 2 equations with 2 unknown variables by the elimination method.
86 Simultaneous equns Elimination method part 2
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve all types of simultaneous equations with 2 unknown variables by the elimination method.
87 Simultaneous equns Applications of simultaneous equations
Objective: On completion of this lesson the student will be able to derive simultaneous equations from a given problem and then solve those simultaneous equations.
88 Coordinate Geometry-the plane Distance formula.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the distance between any two points on the number plane and interpret the results.
89 Coordinate Geometry-midpoint, slope Mid-point formula
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to understand the mid point formula and use it practically.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the gradient of a line given its inclination, or angle to the positive direction of the x-axis; or its rise and run.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate the gradient of a line given any two points on the line and also be capable of checking whether 3 or more points lie on the same line and what an unknown point will make to parallel lines.
92 Coordinate Geometry-straight line The straight line.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a line which is parallel to either axis and comment on its gradient, where that gradient exists.
93 Coordinate Geometry-slope, etc. Lines through the origin.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to draw a line which passes through the origin of the form y=mx and comment on its gradient compared to the gradients of other lines through the origin and use the information to solve problems.
94 Coordinate Geometry-equation of line General form of a line and the x and y Intercepts.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to change the equation of a straight line from the form, written as y=mx+c, into the general form and vice versa.
95 Coordinate Geometry-intercept Slope intercept form of a line.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to find the slope and intercept given the equation and given the slope and intercept, derive the equation.
96 Coordinate Geometry-point slope Point slope form of a line
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will understand how to derive the equation of a straight line given the gradient and a point on the line.
97 Geometry-circles The equation of a circle: to find radii of circles
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to describe a circle mathematically given its equation or its graph. Additionally, the student will be able to work out the equation of a circle given its centre and radius.
98 Graphing-polynomials General equation of a circle: determine and graph the equation
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to solve these types of problems. Working with circles will also help the student in the topic of circle geometry, which tests the student’s skills in logic and reasoning.
99 Circle Geometry Theorem – Equal arcs on circles of equal radii subtend equal angles at the centre. Theorem – Equal angles at the centre of a circle on equal arcs.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘Equal arcs on circles of equal radii, subtend equal angles at the centre’, and that ‘Equal angles at the centre of a circle stand on equal arcs.’ They should then be able to use these pro
100 Circle Geometry Theorem – The perpendicular from the centre of a circle to a chord bisects the chord. Theorem – The line from the centre of a circle to the mid-point of the chord is perpendicular to the chord.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘The perpendicular from the centre of a circle to a chord bisects the chord.’ and its converse theorem ‘The line from the centre of a circle to the mid-point of the chord is perpendicular’
101 Circle Geometry Theorem – Equal chords in equal circles are equidistant from the centres. Theorem – Chords in a circle which are equidistant from the centre are equal.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that equal chords in equal circles are equidistant from the centre.
102 Circle Geometry Theorem – The angle at the centre of a circle is double the angle at the circumference standing on the same arc.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the angle at the centre of a circle is double the angle at the circumference standing on the same arc.
103 Circle Geometry Theorem – Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the angles in the same segment are equal.
104 Circle Geometry Theorem – The angle of a semi-circle is a right angle.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that ‘The angle of a semi-circle is a right-angle.’
105 Circle Geometry Theorem – The tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius drawn to it at the point of contact.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that the tangent and the radius of a circle are perpendicular at the point of contact.
106 Circle Geometry Theorem – Tangents to a circle from an external point are equal.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to prove that tangents to a circle from an external point are equal.
107 Geometry-congruence Congruent triangles, Test 1 and 2
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify which test to use to show two triangles are congruent.
108 Geometry-congruence Congruent triangles, Test 3 and 4
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify other tests to use to show two triangles are congruent.
109 Geometry-congruence Proofs and congruent triangles.
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to set out a formal proof to show that two triangles are congruent.
110 Similar triangles Similar triangles
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to identify which test to use to show two triangles are similar.
111 Similar triangles Using similar triangles to calculate lengths
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate lengths using similar triangles.
112 Overlapping triangles Examples involving overlapping triangles
Objective: On completion of the lesson the student will be able to calculate unknown sides in overlapping or adjacent similar triangles.
113 Exam Exam – Grade 10
Objective: Exam